Shinji Ohgimoto

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Fusion regulatory proteins (FRPs) are newly defined cell surface molecules that enhance and/or induce virus-mediated cell fusion. Anti-FRP-1 Abs reacted with all of the established cells derived from humans and monkeys, whereas FRPs were found to be selectively expressed on a fraction of monocytes in human PBMCs. Granulocytes expressed no FRP-1 molecules,(More)
Kaposi's sarcoma associated-herpes virus encodes two proteins, MIR (modulator of immune recognition) 1 and 2, which are involved in the evasion of host immunity. MIR1 and 2 have been shown to function as an E3 ubiquitin ligase for immune recognition-related molecules (e.g. major histocompatibility complex class I, B7-2, and ICAM-1) through the BKS (bovine(More)
The paramyxovirus phospho- (P) and nucleocapsid (NP) proteins are involved in transcription and replication of the viral genome. To study the interaction between NP and P proteins, we established HeLa cell lines that constitutively expressed the NP and/or P proteins of human parainfluenza virus type 2 (hPIV-2). Co-immunoprecipitation assays revealed that(More)
One of the striking features of human immunodeficiency virus, simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV), and other lentiviruses is extensive N glycosylation of the envelope protein. To assess the requirement of each N glycan for viral infectivity, we individually silenced all 23 N glycosylation sites in the gp120 subunit of SIVmac239 envelope protein by(More)
We cloned and sequenced the cDNAs against genomic RNA and mRNA for phosphoprotein (P) of human parainfluenza type 2 virus (PIV-2). cDNA clone from genomic RNA was 1439 nucleotides in length excluding poly(A) and was found to have two small open reading frames encoding proteins of 233 and 249 amino acids. Two different mRNA cDNA clones were obtained; that(More)
Fusion regulatory protein (FRP)-1 regulates virus-mediated cell fusion and fusion of monocytes. Eleven of fifteen N-terminal amino acids of FRP-1 were the same as the amino acid sequence of 4F2/CD98 heavy chain. FRP-1 molecules were detected in Con A- or IL-2-stimulated lymphocytes, while FRP-1 was rare on resting lymphocytes. These properties of FRP-1 are(More)
Recombinant measles viruses (MV) in which the authentic glycoprotein genes encoding the fusion and the haemagglutinin (H) proteins of the Edmonston (ED) vaccine strains were swapped singly or doubly for the corresponding genes of a lymphotropic MV wild-type virus (strain WTF) were used previously to investigate MV tropism in cell lines in tissue culture.(More)
Syncytium formation and subsequent generalized cell fusion have been reported as potentially important mechanisms of virus-induced cytotoxic effects. We tried to clarify the roles of fusion regulatory factor-1 (FRP-1) in virus-induced cell fusion. Two mutated human FRP-1/CD98 proteins [FRP-1/HN, in which the cytoplasmic domain was replaced with the(More)
Measles virus (MV) is the causative agent for acute measles and subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE). Although numerous mutations have been found in the MV genome of SSPE strains, the mutations responsible for the neurovirulence have not been determined. We previously reported that the SSPE Osaka-2 strain but not the wild-type strains of MV induced(More)
We previously generated a mutant of simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) lacking 5 of a total of 22 N-glycans in its external envelope protein gp120 with no impairment in viral replication capability and infectivity in tissue culture cells. Here, we infected rhesus macaques with this mutant and found that it also replicated robustly in the acute phase but(More)