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Fusion regulatory proteins (FRPs) are newly defined cell surface molecules that enhance and/or induce virus-mediated cell fusion. Anti-FRP-1 Abs reacted with all of the established cells derived from humans and monkeys, whereas FRPs were found to be selectively expressed on a fraction of monocytes in human PBMCs. Granulocytes expressed no FRP-1 molecules,(More)
The paramyxovirus phospho- (P) and nucleocapsid (NP) proteins are involved in transcription and replication of the viral genome. To study the interaction between NP and P proteins, we established HeLa cell lines that constitutively expressed the NP and/or P proteins of human parainfluenza virus type 2 (hPIV-2). Co-immunoprecipitation assays revealed that(More)
We cloned and sequenced the cDNAs against genomic RNA and mRNA for phosphoprotein (P) of human parainfluenza type 2 virus (PIV-2). cDNA clone from genomic RNA was 1439 nucleotides in length excluding poly(A) and was found to have two small open reading frames encoding proteins of 233 and 249 amino acids. Two different mRNA cDNA clones were obtained; that(More)
Fusion regulatory protein (FRP)-1 regulates virus-mediated cell fusion and fusion of monocytes. Eleven of fifteen N-terminal amino acids of FRP-1 were the same as the amino acid sequence of 4F2/CD98 heavy chain. FRP-1 molecules were detected in Con A- or IL-2-stimulated lymphocytes, while FRP-1 was rare on resting lymphocytes. These properties of FRP-1 are(More)
Recombinant measles viruses (MV) in which the authentic glycoprotein genes encoding the fusion and the haemagglutinin (H) proteins of the Edmonston (ED) vaccine strains were swapped singly or doubly for the corresponding genes of a lymphotropic MV wild-type virus (strain WTF) were used previously to investigate MV tropism in cell lines in tissue culture.(More)
Syncytium formation and subsequent generalized cell fusion have been reported as potentially important mechanisms of virus-induced cytotoxic effects. We tried to clarify the roles of fusion regulatory factor-1 (FRP-1) in virus-induced cell fusion. Two mutated human FRP-1/CD98 proteins [FRP-1/HN, in which the cytoplasmic domain was replaced with the(More)
HIV vaccine development has been hampered by issues such as undefined correlates of protection and extensive diversity of HIV. We addressed these issues using a previously established SIV-macaque model in which SIV mutants with deletions of multiple gp120 N-glycans function as potent live attenuated vaccines to induce near-sterile immunity against the(More)
Four subtypes (adw, adr, ayw, and ayr ) and eight genotypes (A to H) of the hepatitis B virus (HBV) have been identified. They appear to be associated with particular geographic distribution, ethnicity, and possibly clinical outcomes. In this study, hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) subtyping and HBV genotyping were carried out on sera obtained from(More)
The mechanism by which anti-fusion regulatory protein-1 (FRP-1) monoclonal antibody (mAb) induced cell fusion was investigated using U2ME-7 cells that are CD4+U937 cells transfected with the HIV gp160 gene. Protein kinase inhibitors (H-7, H-89, herbimycin A and genistein) suppressed cell fusion of Cd+U2ME-7 cells induced by anti-FRP-1 mAb. H-7 and H-89 also(More)
cDNA clones representing the fusion (F) gene of human parainfluenza virus type 2 (PIV-2) were isolated from cDNA libraries constructed from virus-specific mRNA and genomic RNA, and the complete nucleotide sequence of the F gene was determined. The F gene is 1854 nucleotides long and encodes one long open reading frame of 551 amino acids. The cleavage site(More)