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Reports of spontaneous dissection of the superior mesenteric artery are rare. Diagnosis in the acute stage has been considered difficult, but we encountered four cases from November 1998 to November 2001. All four cases were diagnosed using abdominal CT scanning in the acute stage and could be treated conservatively. All patients were provided(More)
BACKGROUND Atrial fibrillation (AF) begets AF in part due to atrial remodeling, the molecular mechanisms of which have not been completely elucidated. This study was conducted to identify microRNA(s) responsible for electrical remodeling in AF. METHODSANDRESULTS The expression profiles of 1205 microRNAs, in cardiomyocytes from patients with persistent AF(More)
BACKGROUND Human glutamate-cysteine ligase (GCL) is a rate-limiting enzyme for the synthesis of glutathione that plays a crucial role in antioxidant defense mechanisms in most mammalian cells, including vascular cells. Oxidants transcriptionally upregulate GCL genes for glutathione synthesis, providing a protective mechanism against oxidative stress-induced(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To examine the effect of landiolol (normal dose) on hemodynamics and left ventricular (LV) function. DESIGN Prospective, observational, repeated-measures study. SETTING University hospital. PATIENTS 56 adult patients who were diagnosed with angina pectoris and who underwent elective off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery. (More)
OBJECTIVE This study tests the hypotheses that enoxaparin, a low molecular weight heparin and potent inhibitor of factor Xa, alone or in combination with standard heparin, inhibits thrombin formation and activity and modulates complement activation and neutrophil elastase release during cardiopulmonary bypass in baboons. METHODS After preliminary studies(More)
An 83-year-old female was found to have an fusiform aneurysm in the aortic arch. She was deemed to be a high surgical risk; therefore, endovascular stent–graft placement followed by revascularization of the brachiocephalic trunk using in situ stent–graft fenestration was considered. However, the safe application of fenestration was deemed difficult due to(More)
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) surgery involves ischemia and reperfusion of the lower extremities, but assessing the pathophysiological changes is difficult. We evaluated the extent and time course of ischemia–reperfusion injury of the lower extremities during AAA surgery. To monitor oxygen metabolism, two near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) probes were(More)
Although Self-Aligned Double and Quadruple Patterning (SADP, SAQP) have become the most promising processes for sub-20 nm and sub-14 nm node advanced technologies, not all wafer images are realized by them. In advanced technologies, feasible wafer images should be generated effectively by utilizing SADP and SAQP where a wafer image is uniquely determined by(More)
SUMMARY Two essential technologies for a 3D Solid State Drive (3D-SSD) with a boost converter are presented in this paper. The first topic is the spiral inductor design which determines the performance of the boost converter, and the second is the effect of TSV's on the boost converter. These techniques are very important in achieving a 3D-SSD with a boost(More)
BACKGROUND Mild hypothermia (< 4 degrees C) improves myocardial salvage after infarct reperfusion in animals and in early clinical studies. In this experiment the effect of mild hypothermia during ischemia and early reperfusion on long-term postinfarction left ventricular (LV) remodeling was assessed in an ovine infarct model. METHODS In the initial phase(More)