Shinji Kamisuki

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Identification of protein targets of bioactive small molecules has been a technical hurdle of chemical genetics. Here we report a polyproline-rod approach to isolating protein targets of small molecules from cell lysates. The results indicate that insertion of a long, rigid polyproline helix between a small-molecule bait and a biotin tag boosts the capacity(More)
Sterol regulatory element binding proteins (SREBPs) are transcription factors that activate transcription of the genes involved in cholesterol and fatty acid biosynthesis. In the present study, we show that a small synthetic molecule we previously discovered to block adipogenesis is an inhibitor of the SREBP activation. The diarylthiazole derivative, now(More)
A new isochroman derivative named pseudodeflectusin was isolated from a culture broth of Aspergillus pseudodeflectus. The structure was determined by spectroscopic means as 9-hydroxy-7-methyl-2-(methylethylidine)-furano[3,2-H]isochroman-3-one. This compound exhibited cytotoxicity for several human cancer cell lines from the stomach (NUGC-3), cervix(More)
Root hairs, which arise from root epidermal cells, are tubular structures that increase the efficiency of water absorption and nutrient uptake. A low pH (pH 4) medium induced root hair formation in lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) seedlings, and the decapitation of shoots inhibited root hair formation. The addition of shoot extract to the medium restored root(More)
Citrinin, a natural mycotoxin that is found in fermented foods, is known as a cytotoxin and nephrotoxin. Exposure to high doses of citrinin result in apoptosis; however, the effects of low doses are not fully understood. Glutamate excitotoxicity is responsible for neuronal death in acute neurological disorders including stroke, trauma and other(More)
In the screening of selective inhibitors of eukaryotic DNA polymerases (pols), dehydroaltenusin was found to be an inhibitor of pol alpha from a fungus (Alternaria tennuis). We succeeded in chemically synthesizing dehydroaltenusin, and the compound inhibited only mammalian pol alpha with IC50 value of 0.5 microM, and did not influence the activities of(More)
We purified the major glycolipids in the class of monogalactosyl diacylglycerol (MGDG), digalactosyl diacylglycerol (DGDG) and sulfoquinovosyl diacylglycerol (SQDG) from a green vegetable, spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.). MGDG was an inhibitor of the growth of NUGC-3 human gastric cancer cells, but DGDG and SQDG had no such cytotoxic effect. Therefore, we(More)
We previously reported that a phenolic compound, petasiphenol, was a selective inhibitor of DNA polymerase lambda (pol lambda) in vitro. We found here that another phenolic compound, curcumin (diferuloylmethane), which is known as an anti-chronic inflammatory agent and is structurally quite similar to petasiphenol, was also a potent pol lambda inhibitor.(More)
Neoechinulin A is an isoprenyl indole alkaloid that exhibits scavenging, neurotrophic factor-like, and anti-apoptotic activities. However, the effectiveness of neoechinulin A in animal models of disease has not yet been explored. In the present study, we investigated the effects of neoechinulin A on memory impairment in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated mice(More)
Quinones are widely used as medicines or redox agents. The chemical properties are based on the reactions against an electron donor. 9,10-Phenanthraquinone (PQ), which is a quinone contaminated in airborne particulate matters, forms redox cycling, not Michael addition, with electron donors. Redox cycling of PQ contributes to its toxicity, following(More)