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Sterol regulatory element binding proteins (SREBPs) are transcription factors that activate transcription of the genes involved in cholesterol and fatty acid biosynthesis. In the present study, we show that a small synthetic molecule we previously discovered to block adipogenesis is an inhibitor of the SREBP activation. The diarylthiazole derivative, now(More)
A new isochroman derivative named pseudodeflectusin was isolated from a culture broth of Aspergillus pseudodeflectus. The structure was determined by spectroscopic means as 9-hydroxy-7-methyl-2-(methylethylidine)-furano[3,2-H]isochroman-3-one. This compound exhibited cytotoxicity for several human cancer cell lines from the stomach (NUGC-3), cervix(More)
Camptothecin (CPT) is an anti-tumor natural product that forms a ternary complex with topoisomerase I (top I) and DNA (CPT-top I-DNA). In this study, we identified the direct interaction between CPT and human heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein A1 (hnRNP A1) using the T7 phage display technology. On an avidin-agarose bead pull down assay, hnRNP A1(More)
Identification of protein targets of bioactive small molecules has been a technical hurdle of chemical genetics. Here we report a polyproline-rod approach to isolating protein targets of small molecules from cell lysates. The results indicate that insertion of a long, rigid polyproline helix between a small-molecule bait and a biotin tag boosts the capacity(More)
We purified the major glycolipids in the class of monogalactosyl diacylglycerol (MGDG), digalactosyl diacylglycerol (DGDG) and sulfoquinovosyl diacylglycerol (SQDG) from a green vegetable, spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.). MGDG was an inhibitor of the growth of NUGC-3 human gastric cancer cells, but DGDG and SQDG had no such cytotoxic effect. Therefore, we(More)
We previously reported that a phenolic compound, petasiphenol, was a selective inhibitor of DNA polymerase lambda (pol lambda) in vitro. We found here that another phenolic compound, curcumin (diferuloylmethane), which is known as an anti-chronic inflammatory agent and is structurally quite similar to petasiphenol, was also a potent pol lambda inhibitor.(More)
Neoechinulin A is an isoprenyl indole alkaloid that exhibits scavenging, neurotrophic factor-like, and anti-apoptotic activities. However, the effectiveness of neoechinulin A in animal models of disease has not yet been explored. In the present study, we investigated the effects of neoechinulin A on memory impairment in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated mice(More)
Petasiphenol, a bio-antimutagen isolated from a Japanese vegetable, Petasites japonicus, selectively inhibits the activities of mammalian DNA polymerase lambda (pol lambda) in vitro. The compound did not influence the activities of replicative DNA polymerases such as alpha, delta, and epsilon but also showed no effect even on the pol beta activity, the(More)
Dehydroaltenusin was found to be an inhibitor of mammalian DNA polymerase alpha (pol alpha) in vitro. Surprisingly, among the polymerases and DNA metabolic enzymes tested, dehydroaltenusin inhibited only mammalian pol alpha. Dehydroaltenusin did not influence the activities of the other replicative DNA polymerases, such as delta and epsilon; it also showed(More)
Two flavonoid glycosides, kaempferol 3-O-(6"-acetyl)-beta-glucopyranoside (KAG) and quercetin 3-O-(6"-acetyl)-beta-glucopyranoside (QAG), were found to be inhibitors of eukaryotic DNA polymerases from a Japanese vegetable, Petasites japonicus. These compounds inhibited the activities of mammalian replicative DNA polymerases (i.e., pol alpha, delta, and(More)