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The discovery of nuclear export signals (NESs) in a number of proteins revealed the occurrence of signal-dependent transport of proteins from the nucleus to the cytoplasm. Although the consensus motif of the NESs has been shown to be a leucine-rich, short amino-acid sequence, its receptor has not been identified. A cytotoxin leptomycin B (LMB) has recently(More)
We analyzed the expression of IL-12Rbeta1 and IL-12Rbeta2 and the role of IL-12 in the activation of monocyte-derived dendritic cells (DCs) via IL-12Rbeta1-mediated signaling events. Flow cytometric analysis revealed that IL-12Rbeta1 was expressed in T cells, Con A blasts, and monocyte-derived DCs, but not in monocytes, while its transcript was detected in(More)
Twenty-two patients with neurologic deficit due to delayed posttraumatic vertebral collapse after osteoporotic compression fractures of the thoracolumbar spine underwent anterior decompression and reconstruction with bioactive Apatite-Wollastonite containing glass ceramic vertebral prosthesis and Kaneda instrumentation. Eighteen patients previously had(More)
Aggregation of physiologically produced soluble amyloid beta protein (Abeta) to insoluble, neurotoxic fibrils is a crucial step in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. Aggregation studies with synthetic Abeta1-40 peptide by the thioflavin T fluorescence assay and electron microscopy and cytotoxicity assays using rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cells showed(More)
The influences of the gastric H+/K+ pump on organelle pH during trafficking to and from the plasma membrane were investigated using HEK-293 cells stably expressing the alpha- and beta-subunits of human H+/K+-ATPase (H+/K+-alpha,beta cells). The pH values of trans-Golgi network (pHTGN) and recycling endosomes (pHRE) were measured by transfecting(More)
Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) is a member of the CSF family of hormone-like glycoproteins that regulate haematopoietic cell proliferation and differentiation, and G-CSF almost exclusively stimulates the colony formation of granulocytes from committed precursor cells in semi-solid agar culture. Recently, Nomura et al. have established a human(More)
Fanconi anemia (FA) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by developmental defects, bone marrow failure, and cancer susceptibility. Cells derived from FA patients are sensitive to crosslinking agents and have a prolonged G2 phase, suggesting a cell cycle abnormality. Although transfection of type-C FA cells with the FAC cDNA corrects these(More)
In December 1991, the Japan Marrow Donor Program (JMDP) was established with the cooperation of the Japanese Red Cross and Japan Marrow Donor Foundation under the auspices of the Ministry of Health and Welfare in Japan. By December 1998, 122365 HLA-A,B typed volunteer marrow donors and 7207 patients had been cumulatively registered in the JMDP. The results(More)
A human lung cancer (OTUK-tumor) was transplanted serially to nude mice, which invariably developed a marked neutrophilia. In order to analyze this phenomenon, in vitro agar culture studies were carried out. A three- to fourfold increase of colony-forming units in culture was observed in the femurs of these nude mice. Moreover, the plasma of nude mice(More)
Mercury contamination is a serious environmental problem worldwide. Two primary sources of contamination are dumping of large quantities of inorganic mercury and exposure in the mining industry. Although the actual fatal level of mercury vapor is not known, exposure to more than 1-2 mg/m3 of elemental mercury vapor (Hg0) for a few hours causes acute(More)