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Neuropoletic cytokines such as ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) can activate multiple signaling pathways in parallel, including those involving Janus kinase (JAK)-signal transducers and activators of transcription (STATs), mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase) and mammalian target of rapamydn (mTOR)-p70 S6(More)
Time sequential single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) studies using thallium-201 were performed in 25 patients with brain tumours to evaluate the kinetics of thallium in the tumour and the biological malignancy grade preoperatively. After acquisition and reconstruction of SPECT data from 1 min post injection to 48 h (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9,(More)
A brown tumor is a secondary disorder of bone associated with hyperparathyroidism that arises predominantly in the metacarpals, phalanges, jaw, pelvis, or femur. Rarely does this tumor involve the spine. The authors describe a case of brown tumor in primary hyperparathyroidism, causing spinal cord compression. The first step in diagnosing this lesion in an(More)
Cervical compressive myelopathy patients sometimes show localized girdle sensation in the mid trunk (so-called false localizing sign). This symptom often confuses physicians, but the clinical features and mechanism of this symptom are still unclear. We investigated the clinical features and possible mechanism. In each of five cases of cervical compressive(More)
Claw-like projections and related structures on cilium tips in neurenteric cyst epithelium are described. The ciliary claws are about 20 nm in length and just beneath them four parallel electron-dense areas or lines are discernible. Similar structures were also observed in another case of neurenteric cyst. These structures are very similar to those reported(More)
An unusual case of glioblastoma with adenoid structures arising in a 30-year-old Japanese woman with neurofibromatosis type-1 (NF1) is reported. The patient was admitted to University of Miyazaki Hospital, complaining of headache, nausea and vomiting. From the neuroradiological findings the patient was diagnosed as having glioblastoma, and the tumor was(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to evaluate the correlation between appearance of angiographic early venous filling during intra-arterial reperfusion therapy and posttherapeutic hemorrhagic complications. METHODS For the past 7 years, 104 patients prospectively underwent superselective local angiography via a microcatheter before and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE In embolic middle cerebral artery (MCA) trunk occlusion, recanalization with direct percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) may be preferable to time-consuming thrombolysis. However, distal embolization with small crushed fragments is a complication of direct PTA. We prospectively evaluated combined direct PTA and low-dose native(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of direct percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) for patients with acute middle cerebral artery (MCA) trunk occlusion. METHODS Over the past 9 years, a total of 70 patients with acute MCA trunk occlusion were treated with intra-arterial reperfusion therapy. In(More)
Technetium-99m sestamibi (MIBI) is thought to be passively taken up by metabolically active tumour cells and effluxed from them by P-glycoprotein (Pgp). This 170-kDa membrane-bound protein, encoded by the MDR-1 gene, acts as an energy-dependent efflux pump for several antineoplastic agents, resulting in multidrug resistance. For this reason, it is of(More)