Shinichiro Wakisaka

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Neuropoletic cytokines such as ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) can activate multiple signaling pathways in parallel, including those involving Janus kinase (JAK)-signal transducers and activators of transcription (STATs), mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase) and mammalian target of rapamydn (mTOR)-p70 S6(More)
In young rats the corticospinal tract regenerated after a single transection of the spinal cord with a sharp blade, but regeneration failed if the transection was repeated to make a more traumatic injury. To identify cells and associated molecules that promote or impede regeneration, we compared expression of collagen type IV, glial fibrillary acidic(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of direct percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) for patients with acute middle cerebral artery (MCA) trunk occlusion. METHODS Over the past 9 years, a total of 70 patients with acute MCA trunk occlusion were treated with intra-arterial reperfusion therapy. In(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE In embolic middle cerebral artery (MCA) trunk occlusion, recanalization with direct percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) may be preferable to time-consuming thrombolysis. However, distal embolization with small crushed fragments is a complication of direct PTA. We prospectively evaluated combined direct PTA and low-dose native(More)
Cervical compressive myelopathy patients sometimes show localized girdle sensation in the mid trunk (so-called false localizing sign). This symptom often confuses physicians, but the clinical features and mechanism of this symptom are still unclear. We investigated the clinical features and possible mechanism. In each of five cases of cervical compressive(More)
A brown tumor is a secondary disorder of bone associated with hyperparathyroidism that arises predominantly in the metacarpals, phalanges, jaw, pelvis, or femur. Rarely does this tumor involve the spine. The authors describe a case of brown tumor in primary hyperparathyroidism, causing spinal cord compression. The first step in diagnosing this lesion in an(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to evaluate the correlation between appearance of angiographic early venous filling during intra-arterial reperfusion therapy and posttherapeutic hemorrhagic complications. METHODS For the past 7 years, 104 patients prospectively underwent superselective local angiography via a microcatheter before and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE In patients with ischemic stroke, not only the degree of ischemia but also its duration are key determinants of tissue survival. The purpose of this study was to show the synergistic effects of these two factors on tissue survival in humans. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed findings in 19 patients with middle cerebral artery(More)
A neonatal upper brachial plexus injury, referred to as Erb's palsy, is a serious obstetric problem. Some surgical methods are used to treat this injury, but they are inadequate. To seek new treatments for Erb's palsy, we used a model for cervical preganglionic root transection in neonate rats and evaluated the behavioral and histological compatibility of(More)
OBJECTIVE We sought to evaluate from a behavioral and histological viewpoint the effect of local administration of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) on neonatal preganglionic Erb's palsy in rats. METHODS The Erb's palsy model was produced by transecting the anterior and posterior roots of the left C5-C7 nerves of 7-day-old rats. The rats(More)