Shinichiro Takayama

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PURPOSE To describe the magnetic resonance (MR) imaging findings of denervation and reinnervation of skeletal muscles in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS The posterior tibial nerve was transected in 48 rats (nerve section group) and was repaired just after transection in another 48 rats (nerve repair group). At 2, 4, 6, and 8 weeks after surgery, changes in(More)
BACKGROUND Cigarette smoking adversely affects endochondral ossification during the course of skeletal growth. Among a plethora of cigarette chemicals, nicotine is one of the primary candidate compounds responsible for the cause of smoking-induced delayed skeletal growth. However, the possible mechanism of delayed skeletal growth caused by nicotine remains(More)
Schwann cells are glial cells of the peripheral nervous system. There are two known subtypes of Schwann cells: those that are myelin-forming; and those that are non-myelin-forming. In this study, we looked at the expression of cell adhesion molecules in Schwann cells to determine whether other subtypes might exist. We used immunohistological analysis of(More)
Neurological symptoms of herniated nerve fibers resulting from limited perineurial injury from sharp materials such as needles have become a recent topic in clinical practice. However, the mechanism of this disorder, which is known as a perineurial window, has not been clarified. To investigate the mechanism of nerve damage in the perineurial window, we(More)
Millions of physical disabilities, who have lost a hand or both hands, are in need of prosthetic hands not only for decoration but also for the functions to help them with basic daily activities. Although EMG prosthetic hands are being extensively studied to satisfy this need, most of them are too expensive to be economically available, difficult to operate(More)
SHOX haploinsufficiency due to mutations in the coding exons or microdeletions involving the coding exons and/or the enhancer regions accounts for approximately 80% and 2-16% of genetic causes of Leri-Weill dyschondrosteosis and idiopathic short stature, respectively. The most characteristic feature in patients with SHOX deficiency is Madelung deformity, a(More)
The abductor digiti minimi (ADM) opponensplasty is used widely as a standard technique of opponensplasty for congenital hypoplastic thumb. Functional results, however, are not always satisfactory in cases of marked laxity of the thumb metacarpophalangeal (MP) joint. The authors have developed a modified procedure of ADM opponensplasty to stabilize the thumb(More)
A patient with upper limb dimelia including a double scapula, humerus, radius, and ulna, 11 metacarpals and digits (5 on the superior side, 6 on the inferior side) was treated with a simple amputation of the inferior limb resulting in cosmetic improvement and maintenance of range of motion in the preserved limb. During the amputation, the 2 limbs were found(More)
Multiple osteochondroma (MO) is an autosomal dominant skeletal disorder characterized by the formation of multiple osteochondromas, and exostosin-1 (EXT1) and exostosin-2 (EXT2) are major causative genes in MO. In this study, we evaluated the genetic backgrounds and mutational patterns in Japanese families with MO. We evaluated 112 patients in 71 families(More)
The cell-based therapy for cartilage or bone requires a large number of cells; serial passages of chondrocytes are, therefore, needed. However, fates of expanded chondrocytes from extra fingers remain unclarified. The chondrocytes from human epiphyses morphologically changed from small polygonal cells to bipolar elongated spindle cells and to large(More)