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BACKGROUND In industrialized countries, sporadic cases of hepatitis E have been reported in individuals who have never been in an endemic area. Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection commonly occurs via the fecal-oral route but a potential risk of transfusion transmission route has been suggested. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS A 67-year-old Japanese male patient(More)
BACKGROUND Five cases of transfusion transmission of hepatitis E virus (HEV) have been reported so far. The infection routes of the causative donors remain unclear, however. Also, the progress of virus markers in the entire course of HEV infection has not been well documented. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS Nucleic acid testing was performed by real-time(More)
BACKGROUND Although we reported two cases of transfusion-transmitted hepatitis E in Japan, the prevalence of hepatitis E virus (HEV) in Japanese blood donors is not very clear. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS Blood samples of donors who were deferred from donation because of elevated alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels were collected from all Japanese Red(More)
BACKGROUND The authors performed a long-term follow-up study to evaluate the efficacy and late toxicity of high-dose rate intracavitary brachytherapy (HDR-ICBT) for cervical carcinoma. METHODS From 1968 to 1986, 1148 patients with Stage IB to IVB squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix (staging was performed according to the International Federation of(More)
BACKGROUND Type I allergic reactions such as urticaria-like manifestations constitute a large percentage of transfusion-related adverse events. Along with donor factors, patient factors might be involved in these reactions. Sera from some patients with chronic idiopathic urticaria show histamine-releasing activity (HRA). Sera from patients who develop Type(More)
Six patients with dissection of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) who were treated at our hospital between 1993 and 1999 were studied. Hypertension was considered significant as a risk factor. The clinical features were characterized by severe abdominal pain which radiated posteriorly, back pain, weak bowel sounds and exacerbation by eating. An(More)
Cyanobacterial genomes generally contain two groEL genes, referred to as groEL1 and groEL2. The purpose of this study is to elucidate a role of groEL2 in the adaptation of the thermophilic cyanobacterium Thermosynechococcuselongatus to hot environments. Both groEL genes were found to be heat-induced, while only groEL2 was greatly cold-induced. Primer(More)
PURPOSE High linear energy transfer (LET) particles are believed to decrease tumor radiation resistance originating from hypoxia. However, no proof of this effect has been provided by clinical trials and related clinical research. Hence, we investigated the radiation biological aspects of high LET carbon beam therapy on cervical cancer. EXPERIMENTAL(More)
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) surface antigen (HBsAg) is one of the most important serological markers of current HBV infection. However, there are significant antigenic variations of HBsAg caused by genotypic diversity as well as mutation of the HBV genome. It is predictable that amino acid substitutions occurring in the HBsAg "a" determinant of a particular HBV(More)
BACKGROUND RANTES, one of the PLT-derived biologic response modifiers, accumulates in PLT concentrates (PCs) during storage and may play a causative role in nonhemolytic transfusion reactions (NHTRs) after PC transfusion. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS To investigate the association of RANTES with NHTRs, the biologic activity of RANTES in the supernatant of(More)