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Several lines of evidence have suggested altered functions of the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer's disease (AD). In the search for polymorphisms in the 5'-flanking and 5'-noncoding regions of the BDNF gene, we found a novel nucleotide substitution (C270T) in the noncoding(More)
The hypothesis that psychosis arises as a part of the genetic diversity associated with the evolution of language generates the prediction that illness will be linked to a gene determining cerebral asymmetry, which, from the evidence of sex chromosome aneuploidies, is present in homologous form on the X and Y chromosomes. We investigated evidence of linkage(More)
BACKGROUND Polymorphism in the serotonin transporter promoter gene has been recently reported to be associated with the personality trait known as anxiety-related traits. We have attempted to replicate these findings in 101 healthy Japanese subjects. METHODS The personality traits of the subjects were assessed with the tridimensional personality(More)
There is some evidence suggesting that a polymorphism of variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) in the second intron of the serotonin transporter (5-HTT) gene and another variation which lies 1.2 kb upstream of the promoter of the gene (5-HTTLPR) are associated with affective disorders. However, conflicting results have also been reported. We examined an(More)
PURPOSE We report a pedigree of familial paroxysmal kinesigenic choreoathetosis (PKC) in which five of 18 members are affected. The pathophysiologic basis for PKC is still uncertain; reflex epilepsy versus dysfunction of basal ganglia. We examined (a) whether there were ictal discharges during the attacks, and (b) a linkage between PKC and possible DNA(More)
We investigated the marriage rates, the reproductive rates and the marital reproductivity of schizophrenic outpatients in Japan. A total of 553 patients with DSM-III-R-diagnosed schizophrenia at the Teikyo University Hospital, Tokyo, Japan were compared with age- and sex-matched outpatients at surgical clinics of the same hospital. Our findings indicate(More)
OBJECTIVE Small Japanese studies have suggested that patients with schizophrenia have higher rates of the HLA-DR1 gene than normal subjects. The authors' goal in the present study was to confirm this finding in a larger number of Japanese subjects. They also investigated the rate of DR4 in Japanese patients with schizophrenia because it has been reported(More)
Recent progress in genotyping technology and the development of public databases has enabled large-scale genome-wide association tests with diseases. We performed a two-stage genome-wide association study (GWAS) of bipolar disorder (BD) in Japanese cohorts. First we used Affymetrix 100K GeneChip arrays in the analysis of 107 cases with bipolar I disorder(More)
A common missense mutation of the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene (C677T) has been shown to be a risk factor for premature cardiovascular disease and neural tube defect. Deficient activity of MTHFR has also been implicated in the pathogenesis of psychiatric conditions such as schizophrenia and affective disorders. Arinami et al found an(More)
Patients with schizophrenia rarely develop rheumatoid arthritis, an autoimmune disease that exhibits genetic association with the HLA DRB1*04 gene. We previously investigated the hypothesis that schizophrenia is negatively associated with DRB1*04, and found that only half the expected number of schizophrenic patients had this gene when compared with(More)