Shinichiro Motohashi

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BACKGROUND Treatment of pulmonary metastases from colorectal cancer by excision has increased rapidly, but reports on indications and prognostic factors are inconsistent. We sought to identify poor prognostic factors preoperatively and to retrospectively evaluate preoperative clinical indications for surgery. METHODS A total of 75 patients with colorectal(More)
The maintenance of memory T cells is central to the establishment of immunological memory, although molecular details of the process are poorly understood. In the absence of the polycomb group (PcG) gene Bmi1, the number of memory CD4(+) T helper (Th)1/Th2 cells was reduced significantly. Enhanced cell death of Bmi1(-/-) memory Th2 cells was observed both(More)
After antigen encounter by CD4(+) T cells, polarizing cytokines induce the expression of master regulators that control differentiation. Inactivation of the histone methyltransferase Ezh2 was found to specifically enhance T helper 1 (Th1) and Th2 cell differentiation and plasticity. Ezh2 directly bound and facilitated correct expression of Tbx21 and Gata3(More)
PURPOSE Human Valpha24 natural killer T (Valpha24 NKT) cells bearing an invariant Valpha24JalphaQ antigen receptor are activated by a glicolipid ligand alpha-galactosylceramide (alphaGalCer; KRN7000) in a CD1d-dependent manner. The human Valpha24 NKT cells activated with alphaGalCer and interleukin-2 have been shown to produce large amounts of cytokines,(More)
Sox4 is a transcription factor that regulates various developmental processes. Here we show that Sox4 was induced by TGF-β and negatively regulated the transcription factor GATA-3, the master regulator of function of T helper type 2 (TH2) cells, by two distinct mechanisms. First, Sox4 bound directly to GATA-3, preventing its binding to GATA-3 consensus DNA(More)
Several studies have described p16INK4A and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) co-alterations in various solid tumors, including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In this study, we examined the correlation between PGE2 receptor 2 (EP2) expression and p16INK4A methylation in NSCLC, and the association with clinicopathological features and prognostic significance. We(More)
To evaluate the safety, immune responses, and antitumor responses after the administration of alpha-galactosylceramide (alphaGalCer) KRN7000-pulsed PBMC cultured with IL-2 and GM-CSF (IL-2/GM-CSF-cultured PBMCs), a phase I-II study in patients with non-small cell lung cancer was conducted. Patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer or recurrent lung(More)
Human natural killer T (NKT) cells are characterized by their expression of an invariant T cell antigen receptor α chain variable region encoded by a Vα24Jα18 rearrangement. These NKT cells recognize α-galactosylceramide (α-GalCer) in conjunction with the MHC class I-like CD1d molecule and bridge the innate and acquired immune systems to mediate efficient(More)
The aim of this clinical trial was to investigate the feasibility of intra-arterial infusion of in vitro-expanded Valpha24 natural killer T (NKT) cells combined with submucosal injection of alpha-galactosylceramide (KRN7000; alphaGalCer)-pulsed antigen-presenting cells (APC). A phase I clinical study was carried out in patients with head and neck squamous(More)
Papillary thyroid carcinoma with massive invasion into the great veins of the neck and mediastinum has rarely been reported and is thought to have a poor prognosis. Here we report successful management of a case of papillary thyroid carcinoma with extensive invasion into the left internal jugular vein, left brachiocephalic vein, and superior vena cava,(More)