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BACKGROUND Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) has a poor prognosis because of frequent recurrence. Androgen receptor (AR) is involved in the pathogenesis of breast cancer, but its role is not clearly defined. The aim of this study was to explore the expression of AR and its relationship with clinicopathologic features in TNBC. METHODS This study(More)
Overexpression of HER2 - found in approximately 15-20% of all breast cancers - is a negative prognostic factor. Although trastuzumab significantly improves the prognosis of HER2-positive breast cancer, half of the patients with metastatic breast cancer experience disease progression within 1 year. Pertuzumab is a novel HER2-targeted humanized monoclonal(More)
The neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been reportedly associated with prognosis in cancer patients by influencing both cancer progression and chemosensitivity. However, the correlation between NLR and the outcome of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) in breast cancer patients remains unclear. NLR was evaluated in 177 patients with breast cancer treated with(More)
The small guanosine triphosphatase (GTPase) Rho and its downstream effector Rho-associated kinase (ROCK) is one of a key mediator involved in controlling focal adhesions and the dynamics of actin stress fibers. The molecular mechanisms for the function of Rho/ROCK pathway leading to the progression in scirrhous gastric carcinoma cells have not been defined.(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Gastric cancers are characterized by a heterogeneously hypoxic environment. Hypoxia might stimulate the malignant potential of cancer cells. The purpose of our study was to clarify the significance of hypoxia in gastric carcinoma by evaluating the expression of a hypoxic marker, namely carbonic anhydrase-9 (CA-9). METHODS A total of 265(More)
BACKGROUND Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) is a standard care regimen for patients with breast cancer. However, the pathologic complete response (pCR) rate remains at 30%. We hypothesized that a cancer stem cell marker may identify NAC-resistant patients, and evaluated CD133 and ALDH1 as a potential surrogate marker for breast cancer. The aim of this study(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Vimentin expression in epithelial cells is reported to be associated with the malignant phenotype of cancer cells in vitro. However, the clinical significance of vimentin expression in carcinomas is not well understood. The aim of this study was to clarify the significance of vimentin-positive gastric cancer (GC). PATIENTS AND METHODS A(More)
Epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) is considered to be correlated with malignancy of cancer cells and responsible for cancer invasion and metastasis. We previously reported that distant metastasis was associated with hypoxia in gastric cancer. We therefore investigated the effect of hypoxic condition on EMT of gastric cancer cells. Gastric cancer cells(More)
The aim of the present retrospective study was to ascertain the significance of pathological complete response (pCR) on overall survival (OS) and disease‑free survival (DFS) in each disease subtype of operable breast cancer. Using a single‑institution database, 90 patients were identified, who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) for operable breast(More)
INTRODUCTION Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), which is characterized by negativity for estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), is a high risk breast cancer that lacks specific targets for treatment selection. Chemotherapy is, therefore, the primary systemic modality used in the treatment of this(More)