Learn More
BACKGROUND Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) has a poor prognosis because of frequent recurrence. Androgen receptor (AR) is involved in the pathogenesis of breast cancer, but its role is not clearly defined. The aim of this study was to explore the expression of AR and its relationship with clinicopathologic features in TNBC. METHODS This study(More)
BACKGROUND The neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been reportedly associated with prognosis in cancer patients by influencing both cancer progression and chemosensitivity. However, the correlation between NLR and the outcome of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) in breast cancer patients remains unclear. METHODS NLR was evaluated in 177 patients with(More)
BACKGROUND With the recent advancements of neuroimaging techniques, the number of unruptured aneurysms diagnosed in elderly patients has increased. However, the surgical indications in this special subgroup have not been studied critically. The purposes of this study were to analyze the results of elective neck clipping surgery for unruptured aneurysms in(More)
Fibrinogen, fibrin monomer, and D dimer were analyzed in 41 cases of chronic subdural hematoma (SDH) to characterize local rebleeding, coagulation, and fibrinolysis using sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and immunoblotting. Chronic SDH's were divided into five groups according to their appearance on computerized(More)
The kallikrein-kinin system is closely related to both fibrinolysis and coagulation, and bradykinin--the end product of this system--is a powerful mediator which increases vascular permeability. In the present study, to test the hypothesis that the kallikrein-kinin system plays a part in the aetiology of chronic subdural haematomas, components of this(More)
A case of midbrain abscess that was successfully treated by surgical evacuation is reported. The abscess was located in the rostral tegmentum of the midbrain and was aspirated using an infratentorial supracerebellar approach. The patient subsequently returned to his high school. Early accurate diagnosis and appropriate surgical management are especially(More)
Protocols for prevention of cerebral ischemic attacks caused by hyperventilation resulting from crying, as observed in perioperative pediatric moyamoya patients, were evaluated. The first protocol involved the use of sedation when staff were setting up the intravenous lines, performing neuroimaging studies, and controlling postoperative pain. The second(More)
Vascular malformations are a common cause of spontaneous brain-stem hemorrhage in young normotensive individuals. These lesions are no longer cryptic. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging has renewed interest in the treatment of this disorder because of the precise accuracy in diagnosis and localization of these lesions that it affords. The MR image demonstrates(More)
A case of hydrocephalus showing slit ventricle syndrome after multiple shunt revisions was treated with a programmable pressure valve, and intracranial pressure was monitored with a telemetric sensor. High pressure setting produced positive and normal values of intracranial pressure in this patient. We report our experiences.
PURPOSE We conducted a comparative study to optimize the scanning and inhalation protocols for xenon CT cerebral blood flow (CBF) examination (Xe CT), with the aim of improving the practical performance of Xe CT as a routine clinical examination. MATERIALS AND METHODS Four different inhalation protocols, including 3-min, 6-min, and 8-min wash-in(More)