Shinichiro Hashimoto

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The outer hair cells and their nerve endings in the basal and third turns of the guinea pig cochlea were reconstructed three-dimensionally from serial thin sections by means of computer graphics, and morphometric data were obtained. The number of nerve endings in the third turn was two to three times greater than that in the basal turn. Many afferent and(More)
The 3-dimensional shape of the human utricular macula and its orientation in the skull are quantitated in this report, which is one of a series. The semicircular canals and utricular macula were reconstructed in 3 dimensions on a computer from 3 human temporal bones. The 238 to 279 triangles in the entire area of the utricular macula were made by drawing(More)
Measuring event-related brain potentials, this study examined automatic auditory processing in adults with and without mental retardation. Using an auditory oddball paradigm under an inattentive condition, we anticipated that an enhanced negative potential would be followed by a relatively small positive potential. The former was considered as the mismatch(More)
A new method is proposed to subtract the count of scattered photons from that acquired with a photopeak window at each pixel in each planar image of single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). The subtraction is carried out using two sets of data: one set is acquired with a main window centered at photopeak energy and the other is acquired with two(More)
The inner hair cells and their nerve endings in the basal and third turns of the guinea pig cochlea were reconstructed three-dimensionally from serial thin sections by means of computer graphics. The inner hair cells showed narrowing below the cuticular plate and gradual increase in size toward the base where the surface was indented by nerve attachments.(More)
Subcutaneously (s.c.) administered apomorphine (0.0125-0.4 mg/kg) or physostigmine (0.025-0.4 mg/kg) to rats elicited yawning. The dose-response curves were bell-shaped. The peak effects of apomorphine and physostigmine were observed with a dose of 0.1 mg/kg of each drug. Yawning elicited by apomorphine (0.1 mg/kg) or physostigmine (0.1 mg/kg) was reduced(More)
Single neuronal activity was recorded extracellularly in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNC) in rats anesthetized with chloral hydrate. Haloperidol in a dose of 10 micrograms/kg had no significant effects on the SNC neurons. R(-)apomorphine (cumulative i.v. dose of 40 micrograms/kg, given as: 5, 5, 10 and 20 micrograms/kg) inhibited the firing rate of(More)
Circling behavior induced by unilateral microinjections of taurine and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) into the substantia nigra zona reticulata (SNR) was studied in rats. Both taurine (10-100 micrograms/rat) and GABA (30-300 micrograms/rat) induced the contralateral circling behavior in a dose-dependent manner when they were microinjected into the SNR.(More)
Tyr-D-Arg-Phe-beta-Ala-NH2 (TAPA), a novel dermorphin analog with high selectivity and affinity for mu-opioid receptors, was administered intracerebroventricularly to mice before or immediately after training in a one-trial step-down type passive avoidance task. The pre- and post-training administration of TAPA (0.3 and/or 3 ng) impaired retention(More)
The 3-dimensional shape of the human saccular macula and its orientation in the skull were quantitated in this study. The semicircular canals and saccular maculae were reconstructed 3-dimensionally on a computer from 3 human temporal bones. The 380 to 522 triangles in the entire area of the saccular macula were made by drawing lines between 2 adjacent(More)