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The apicomplexan Cryptosporidium parvum is an intestinal parasite that affects healthy humans and animals, and causes an unrelenting infection in immunocompromised individuals such as AIDS patients. We report the complete genome sequence of C. parvum, type II isolate. Genome analysis identifies extremely streamlined metabolic pathways and a reliance on the(More)
CAC1/RLF2 encodes the largest subunit of chromatin assembly factor I (CAF-I), a complex that assembles newly synthesized histones onto recently replicated DNA in vitro. In vivo, cac1/rlf2 mutants are defective in telomeric silencing and mislocalize Rap1p, a telomere-binding protein. Here, we report that in cells lacking CAF-I the silent mating loci are(More)
In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, circular plasmids that include either a centromere (CEN-plasmids) or a telomere sequence (TEL-plasmids) segregate more efficiently than circular ARS-plasmids. In contrast, circular plasmids that include both telomere and centromere sequences were unstable, a property we term TEL+CEN antagonism. TEL+CEN antagonism required a(More)
The apicomplexans Plasmodium and Cryptosporidium have developed distinctive adaptations via lineage-specific gene loss and gene innovation in the process of diverging from a common parasitic ancestor. The two lineages have acquired distinct but overlapping sets of surface protein adhesion domains typical of animal proteins, but in no case do they share(More)
We have previously shown that circular replicating plasmids that carry yeast telomere repeat sequence (TG1-3) tracts segregate efficiently relative to analogous plasmids lacking the TG1-3 tract and this efficient segregation is dependent upon RAP1. While a long TG1-3 tract is sufficient to improve plasmid segregation, the segregation efficiency of telomere(More)
When telomerase is absent and/or telomeres become critically short, cells undergo a progressive decline in viability termed senescence. The telomere checkpoint model predicts that cells will respond to a damaged or critically short telomere by transiently arresting and activating repair of the telomere. We examined the senescence of telomerase-deficient(More)
In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, telomere repeat DNA is assembled into a specialized heterochromatin-like complex that silences the transcription of adjacent genes. The general DNA-binding protein Rap1p binds telomere DNA repeats, contributes to telomere length control and to telomeric silencing, and is a major component of telomeric chromatin. We(More)
We have performed a whole-genome-sequence survey for the gregarine, Ascogregarina taiwanensis and herein describe both features unique to this early diverging apicomplexan and properties that unite it with Cryptosporidium, the Coccidia, and the Apicomplexa. Phylogenetic trees inferred from a concatenated protein sequence comprised of 10,750 amino acid(More)
Cryptosporidium is one of the most common enteric protozoan parasites of vertebrates with a wide host range that includes humans and domestic animals. It is a significant cause of diarrhoeal disease and an ubiquitous contaminant of water which serves as an excellent vehicle for transmission. A better understanding of the development and life cycle of(More)
Telomeres, the chromosome ends, are maintained by a balance of activities that erode and replace the terminal DNA sequences. Furthermore, telomere-proximal genes are often silenced in an epigenetic manner. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, average telomere length and telomeric silencing are reduced by loss of function of UPF genes required in the(More)