Shinichi Uesato

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Berberine chloride (1) and the structurally related compounds were assessed for the anti-human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) activity using the plaque assay. The anti-HCMV activity (IC(50) 0.68 microM) of 1 was equivalent to that (IC(50) 0.91 microM) of ganciclovir (GCV). The mechanism of action by which 1 inhibits the replication of HCMV is presumed to be(More)
Epicatechin gallate (ECg), a component of green tea with weak activity against Staphylococcus aureus, reduces oxacillin resistance in methicillin-resistant S. aureus at concentrations below the MIC. Because catechins bind to artificial lipid bilayers, we investigated whether the anti-staphylococcal activity of catechins could be improved by increasing their(More)
Acyclic monoterpene primary alcohol:NADP+ oxidoreductase, a key enzyme in the biosynthesis of monoterpene alcohols in plants, is unstable and has been only poorly characterized. However we have established conditions which stabilize the enzyme from Rauwolfia serpentina cells, and then purified it to homogeneity. It is a monomer with a molecular weight of(More)
Tunicamycin, an inhibitor of the glycosylation of newly biosynthesized proteins, induces endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and subsequent apoptosis, and caspase family proteases are activated during the process of ER stress-mediated apoptosis. In the present study, we showed that thapsigargin (Th), an inhibitor of the sarcoplasmic/endoplasmic reticulum(More)
Migration/invasion is involved in the multiple steps of metastasis, resulting in a poor prognosis of breast cancer. (-)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) in green tea inhibits the metastasis of some cancer cell lines. Cell migration/invasion assays using Boyden chambers demonstrated that (-)-epigallocatechin (EGC), another green tea catechin, inhibited(More)
Non-small-cell lung carcinomas do not sufficiently respond to cancer chemotherapeutic drugs. Combination effects of cancer chemotherapy drugs (paclitaxel and carboplatin) with nobiletin or powdered Shiikuwasha extract from Citrus depressa were examined by isobologram and combination index analyses. It was demonstrated that the combination generated a(More)
Agents to control melanogenesis are in demand for the development of cosmetics to improve pigmentation disorders of skin and hair. In this study, we examined and evaluated the effects of flavonoids on melanogenesis in the melanogenic cells model, murine B16F10 melanoma cells. In the course of this study, we found that incubation of the cells in a medium(More)
New 2-aminobenzamide-type histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors were synthesized. They feature a sulfur-containing bicyclic arylmethyl moiety-a surface recognition domain introduced to increase in cellular uptake-and a substituted tert-amino group which affects physicochemical properties such as aqueous solubility. Compound 22 with a(More)
The ability of (-)-epicatechin (EC), (-)-epigallocatechin (EGC) and (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) to inhibit the growth of HCT 116 colorectal and Hep G2 hepatocellular carcinoma cells was examined by MTT and clonogenic assays (CA). The respective catechins inhibited the growth of HCT 116 more strongly than Hep G2. In MTT assay, IC(50) values of EGC(More)
FTY720 (fingolimod), a novel immunosuppressant, was found to become biologically activated by phosphorylation into FTY720-1-phosphate (FTY720-P), which is a high-affinity agonist for sphingosine-1-phosphate (sphingosine-1-P)-receptors. FTY720 has also been reported to have a strong antitumor activity. The association between the phosphorylation of FTY720(More)