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Adiponectin (Ad) is a hormone secreted by adipocytes that regulates energy homeostasis and glucose and lipid metabolism. However, the signaling pathways that mediate the metabolic effects of Ad remain poorly identified. Here we show that phosphorylation and activation of the 5'-AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) are stimulated with globular and full-length(More)
Complementary DNAs encoding rat kidney chloride channels (ClC-K2L and ClC-K2S) were isolated by a polymerase chain reaction cloning strategy. Degenerate primers were designed based on the significant amino acid identity of the previously cloned chloride channels (ClC-0, -1, -2, and -K1). The 687-amino acid protein encoded by ClC-K2L is about 80% identical(More)
To clarify the neural correlates and brain activity during the progression of human non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep, we examined the absolute regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) during light and deep NREM sleep and during wakefulness in normal humans using positron emission tomography with H(2)(15)O. Relative changes in rCBF during light and deep NREM(More)
To investigate the physiological role of a kidney-specific chloride channel (ClC-K1), we sought to determine its exact localization by immunohistochemistry and its functional regulation using Xenopus oocyte expression system. The antiserum specifically recognized a 70-kD protein in SDS-PAGE of membrane protein from rat inner medulla and an in vitro(More)
The effects of acupuncture-like stimulation of the various segmental areas on gastric motility were examined in anesthetized rats. An acupuncture needle (diameter 340 microns) was inserted into the skin and underlying muscles at a depth of 4-5 mm and was twisted right and left once every second for 60 s. Gastric motility in the pyloric region was measured(More)
Members of the aquaporin (AQP) water channel family are widely distributed in various tissues and contribute to the water permeability of epithelial and endothelial cells. Currently 11 members of the AQP family (AQP0-10) have been reported in mammals. Here we report the identification of AQP12, which we found by performing a BLAST program search. Northern(More)
The effect of intravenous injection of nicotine on cortical cerebral blood flow (CBF) was examined in urethane anesthetized rats. Nicotine (3-30 microg/kg) increased cortical CBF, independent of mean arterial pressure. This response was attenuated to about a half of the control one after lesioning the nucleus basalis of Meynert (NBM) bilaterally. The(More)
cDNA (CIC-3) encoding a protein kinase C-regulated chloride channel was cloned and characterized. The open reading frame encodes 760 amino acids, which possess significantly amino acid identity with previously cloned CIC chloride channels. The chloride currents expressed in Xenopus oocytes injected with CIC-3 cRNA were completely blocked by activation of(More)
BACKGROUND CLC-3 is a member of the CLC chloride channel family and is widely expressed in mammalian tissues. To determine the physiological role of CLC-3, we generated CLC-3-deficient mice (Clcn3-/- ) by targeted gene disruption. RESULTS Together with developmental retardation and higher mortality, the Clcn3-/- mice showed neurological manifestations(More)
To determine the immunolocalization of ClC-5 in the mouse kidney, we developed a ClC-5-specific rat monoclonal antibody. Immunoblotting demonstrated an 85-kDa band of ClC-5 in the kidney and ClC-5 transfected cells. Immunocytochemistry revealed significant labeling of ClC-5 in brush-border membrane and subapical intracellular vesicles of the proximal(More)