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Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has been investigated as a potent mediator of brain tumor angiogenesis, vascular permeability, and glioma growth. Using a VEGF ELISA, we determined the concentration of VEGF in the sera and tumor extracts of 19 brain tumor patients including glioblastoma, anaplastic astrocytoma, low grade astrocytoma, meningioma,(More)
BACKGROUND We previously reported that the long-term luminal response after coronary bare metal stenting is triphasic, with an early restenosis phase spanning the 6 months after the index procedure, an intermediate-term regression phase from 6 months to 3 years, and a late renarrowing phase beyond 4 years. However, the clinical significance of late luminal(More)
BACKGROUND Stent fracture (SF) after drug-eluting stent implantation has recently become an important concern because of its potential association with in-stent restenosis and stent thrombosis. However, the incidence and clinical impact of SF after everolimus-eluting stent implantation remain unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS A total of 1035 patients with 1339(More)
AIMS To clarify the developmental mechanism and critical period for the uncommon complex of Peters' anomaly and persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous (PHPV). METHODS Two eyes with Peters' anomaly and PHPV were histologically examined by serial section. One eye was enucleated at age 7 months (case 1) and the other at age 4 months (case 2) owing to(More)
BACKGROUND Therapeutic hypothermia (TH) is a standard strategy to reduce brain damage in post-cardiac arrest syndrome (PCAS) patients. However, it is unknown whether the target temperature should be adjusted for PCAS patients in different states. METHODS Participants in the J-PULSE-Hypo study database were divided into lower (32.0-33.5 °C; Group L) or(More)
BACKGROUND The mechanism and time course of in-stent restenosis (ISR) after implantation of second-generation DES have not yet been fully elucidated. We sought to evaluate the differences in tissue characteristics between the different phases of ISR after second-generation DES implantation using optical coherence tomography (OCT).Methods and Results:From(More)
BACKGROUND Angiographic regression of luminal narrowing occurs 6 months to 3 years poststenting. However, after 4 years lesions progressed gradually and late restenosis was observed in 28% of 179 Palmaz-Schatz-stented lesions during the past 10 years. Elucidating its pathogenesis is pivotal to developing preventive strategies. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
BACKGROUND Very late stent thrombosis (VLST) was reported to occur even in patients with bare metal stent (BMS) implantation, although the annual incidence of VLST after BMS was much lower than that after drug-eluting stent implantation. Pathophysiologic mechanisms of VLST after BMS implantation remain largely unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS From September(More)
OBJECTIVE The long-term coronary arterial response of biodegradable polymer biolimus-eluting stents (BES) remains unclear. We sought to evaluate the coronary arterial response of biodegradable polymer BES at 5 years after stent implantation using optical coherence tomography (OCT) as compared with that of durable polymer sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) and(More)
PURPOSE To study clinical and physiologic aspects of Z-stent therapy for superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome secondary to malignant disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS Signs and symptoms of SVC syndrome were classified, graded, and scored in 11 cases. Six patients with caval pressure higher than 22 mm Hg peripheral to the stenosis underwent stent therapy. (More)