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Sudden death is common in patients with multiple system atrophy (MSA). In its early stages, the cerebellar presentation MSA-C can be indistinguishable from idiopathic late-onset cerebellar ataxia. We studied the hypoxic ventilatory response in MSA-C and idiopathic late-onset cerebellar ataxia patients. Six patients with idiopathic late-onset cerebellar(More)
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is commonly associated with systemic hypertension and now recognized as an independent risk factor for daytime hypertension. We aimed to study the short- and long-term effect of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in hypertensive and normotensive patients with OSA. Forty-six patients with moderated to severe OSA(More)
In patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), pulmonary hypertension (PH) is associated with a worse prognosis. Recently, information has been increasing concerning the cellular and molecular aspects of the pathophysiology of PH in COPD. The most striking finding is the role of vascular endothelial cells and endogenous mediators released by(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To evaluate the morphological features of the mandible and the volume of the upper airway soft tissues in determining the anatomical risk factors for the upper airway in Japanese male patients with obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). METHODS Five morphological parameters of the mandible at the mandibular base plane and(More)
We studied the quality of life of obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS) by comparing it with age- and body mass index-matched patients without hypoventilation and age-matched obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients with body mass index (BMI) under 30, and the efficacy of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy for 3 to 6 months on the(More)
To evaluate sleep-related obstructive breathing events in patients with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS), we developed a technique for digital recording and analysis of esophageal pressure (Pes) and elucidated the Pes parameters. Pes was recorded overnight with a microtip-type pressure transducer in 74 patients with OSAHS. Simultaneously,(More)
Hypoxia causes a life-threatening situation, and the ventilatory response to hypoxia plays an important role in preventing death. We have hypothesized that persons with a blunted hypoxic ventilatory response may have a weak defense response to hypoxic episodes and be susceptible to fatal respiratory disturbances. However, precise correlations between the(More)
BACKGROUND The treatment of unclippable vertebral artery (VA) aneurysms incorporating the posterior inferior cerebellar artery with parent artery preservation is among one of the most formidable challenges for cerebrovascular microsurgery and endovascular surgery. We propose that intracranial VA reconstruction using an extracranial VA-to-intracranial VA(More)