Shinichi Koseki

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In order to determine the parameters that govern the activity of a ribozyme in vivo, we made a systematic analysis of chimeric tRNAVal ribozymes by measuring their cleavage activities in vitro as well as the steady-state levels of transcripts, the half-lives of transcribed tRNAVal ribozymes, and their activities in both HeLa and H9 cells. These analyses(More)
A minizyme is a hammerhead ribozyme with a short oligonucleotide linker instead of stem/loop II. Minizymes with low activity as monomers form active dimeric structures with a common stem. We explored the use of dimeric minizymes as gene-inactivating agents by placing minizymes under the control of a tRNA(Val) promoter. The tRNA(Val) portion of the(More)
Nucleic acid-based drugs, including antisense RNA and DNA, ribozymes and decoys appear to have potential for the suppression of the expression of specific genes. To allow the examination of the potential of such agents in vivo as anti-HIV drugs in standard laboratories, where facilities for handling live virions are not available, we constructed a simple(More)
Five monoclonal antibodies (OVA-01, -02, -03, -04, -06) produced against irradiated ovalbumin were investigated in relation to the conformational change in the ovalbumin molecule induced by irradiation with Cobalt-60 gamma-rays. Four antibodies (OVA-01, -02, -04, -06) recognized both native and irradiated ovalbumin, but OVA-03 reacted only with irradiated(More)
Regulation of transcription of human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) requires specific interaction of Tat protein with the trans-activation response region (TAR). Inhibition of replication of HIV-1 has previously been achieved with a TAR decoy, namely a short RNA oligonucleotide that corresponded to the sequence of the authentic TAR RNA. Since TAR RNA(More)
Efficient pumping of solid state lasers has been made possible by the advent of high-power laser diode arrays. These arrays can be used for direct band pumping, minimizing the amount of quantum defect in the laser system. In this paper we demonstrate the basic principles of this new technique by pumping a Nd:YAG crystal using a high-power laser diode(More)
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