Shinichi Kinoshita

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Aquabirnaviruses, represented by Infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV), have been isolated from epizootics in salmonids and a variety of aquatic animals in the world; six genogroups of aquabirnaviruses have been identified. In comparisons of nucleotide sequences of the VP2/NS junction region, maximum nucleotide diversities of 30.8 % were observed(More)
Regulation of hepatic gene expression is largely responsible for the control of nutrient metabolism. We previously showed that the transcription factor STAT3 regulates glucose homeostasis by suppressing the expression of gluconeogenic genes in the liver. However, the role of STAT3 in the control of lipid metabolism has remained unknown. We have now(More)
OBJECTIVE An increase in the rate of gluconeogenesis is largely responsible for the hyperglycemia in individuals with type 2 diabetes, with the antidiabetes action of metformin being thought to be achieved at least in part through suppression of gluconeogenesis. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We investigated whether the transcription factor KLF15 has a role(More)
The gene coding for an azoreductase, designated as an azrA, was cloned by polymerase chain reaction amplification from the genomic DNA of Bacillus sp. strain B29 isolated from soil. The azrA encoded a protein of 208 amino acids with calculated molecular mass of 22,766 Da. The enzyme was heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli with a strong band of 23(More)
Two alcohol dehydrogenases (ADHI and ADHII, EC were purified to homogeneity from the cell extract of Zymomonas mobilis. The subunit molecular weights of ADHI and ADHII were 40,000 and 38,000, respectively, and both enzymes were homologous dimers. The optimal pHs of ADHI in ethanol oxidation and acetaldehyde reduction reactions were 9.5 and 4.5, and(More)
A newly isolated strain of Bacillus subtilis produced β-mannanase when cultivated in a medium containing either locust bean gum, konjac mannan or guar gum as a sole carbon source. In contrast, xylanase was produced only when oat spelt xylan or wheat bran was used as a carbon source. The culture supernatant, which contained both β-mannanase and xylanase, was(More)
Phosphoinositide-dependent kinase-1 (PDK1) is implicated in the metabolic effects of insulin as a key mediator of phosphoinositide 3-kinase-dependent signaling. Here we show that mice with liver-specific PDK1 deficiency manifest various defects in the metabolic actions of insulin in the liver as well as a type 2 diabetes-like phenotype characterized by(More)
We cloned and expressed two genes encoding azoreductase homologes, AzrB and AzrC, from Bacillus sp. B29. Purified recombinant AzrB and AzrC were homodimers with 23 kDa identical subunits, and were flavoproteins. NADH was preferred as electron donors for both azoreductases. The azoreductases showed optimal activities at 70 degrees C (AzrB) and 55 degrees C(More)
Fish nodaviruses are causative agents of viral nervous necrosis causing high mortality in cultured marine fishes around the world. The first successful isolation of fish nodavirus was made with SSN-1 cells, which are persistently infected with snakehead retrovirus (SnRV). In the present study, a BF-2 cell line persistently infected with SnRV (PI-BF-2) was(More)
Two kinds of bacteria (DC33 and DC1115) were isolated from soil as biotransformers of dehydrocholic acid to 12-ketochenodeoxycholic acid, and identified to be Brevibacterium fuscum and Lactobacillus xylosus, respectively. Dehydrocholic acid was converted via 7,12-diketolithocholic acid to 12-ketochenodeoxycholic acid by both strains, and the product and the(More)