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Germ-line mutations in the hMLH1 gene are the most frequent cause of hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer and are characterized by missense mutations at high frequency. We found a yeast two-hybrid assay to be an extremely useful and simple tool for evaluating the biological significance of such hMLH1 germ-line missense mutations; 78% (18 of 23) of the(More)
The human RCC1 gene was cloned after DNA-mediated gene transfer into the tsBN2 cell line, which shows premature chromosome condensation at nonpermissive temperatures (39.5-40 degrees C). This gene codes for a 2.5-kb poly(A)+ RNA that is well conserved in hamsters and humans. We isolated 15 cDNA clones from the Okayama-Berg human cDNA library, and found two(More)
We have used comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) to survey genomic regions with aberrant copy numbers of DNA sequences in pancreatic adenocarcinoma. In 12 cell lines and 6 primary tumors from 18 patients with pancreatic adenocarcinomas, highly frequent losses (> 60%) were observed on chromosome arms 6q, 9p, and 18q and the Y chromosome. Moderately(More)
In human cells, hMLH1, hMLH3, hPMS1 and hPMS2 are four recognised and distinctive homologues of MutL, an essential component of the bacterial DNA mismatch repair (MMR) system. The hMLH1 protein forms three different heterodimers with one of the other MutL homologues. As a first step towards functional analysis of these molecules, we determined the(More)
Epigenetic silencing through methyl-CpG (mCpG) is implicated in many biological patterns such as genome imprinting, X chromosome inactivation, and cancer development. In this process, the mCpG binding domain (MBD) proteins play an essential role in transmitting epigenetic information to downstream regulatory proteins. Among the five MBD proteins identified(More)
Integrated hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA is found in hepatocellular carcinomas which develop in HBV carriers. Presented here are the results of analyses of four integrants that show chromosomal rearrangements associated with the integrated HBV DNA. Two clones (p4 and C15) were found to have large inverted repeating structures, each consisting of HBV genome(More)
The human pancreatic secretory trypsin inhibitor (PSTI) gene was isolated from a human gene library. Restriction endonuclease mapping and DNA sequencing analysis revealed that this gene is approximately 7.5 kb long and is separated into four exons by three introns. The gene has multiple transcription start points and examination with a single-laser(More)
To understand the molecular pathogenesis of human lung cancer, we analyzed allelic deletions on the long arm of chromosome 16 by PCR amplification of microsatellite markers. A total of 203 lung cancer specimens (78 squamous cell carcinomas and 125 adenocarcinomas) were analyzed. In both cell types, a common region of allelic loss was identified in(More)
hMSH2 is a homolog of bacterial mutS and yeast Msh2, a member of the group of mismatch repair genes whose products bind to mismatched regions of double-stranded DNA. We analyzed expression of hMSH2 in normal human organs by the polymerase chain reaction coupled with reverse transcription and found two novel types of alternatively spliced mRNAs that were(More)
OBJECTIVE Pancreatic cancer is one of the diseases with the poorest prognosis, but the associated genetic alterations are not yet well understood. The genetic alterations reported to date in pancreatic cancer include frequent mutations of the KRAS, TP53, p16, and SMAD4 genes. Mutation of the TP53 gene was reported to be associated with a poor prognosis. In(More)