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The antiviral drug 2',3'-didehydro-3'-deoxythymidine (D4T; also know as stavudine and Zerit), which is used against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), causes delayed toxicity (peripheral neuropathy) in long-term use. After examining a series of 2',3'-didehydro-3'-deoxy-4'-substituted thymidine (4'-substituted D4T) analogs, 4'-ethynyl D4T was found to have… (More)
Branched sugar nucleosides have attracted much attention due to their biological activities. We have demonstrated that epoxysugar nucleosides serve as versatile precursor for the stereo-defined synthesis of these nucleoside derivatives on the basis of its ring opening with organoaluminum or organosilicon reagents. In this review article, novel methods for… (More)
Compounds having methyl, vinyl, and ethynyl groups at the 4'-position of stavudine (d4T: 2',3'-didehydro-3'-deoxythymidine) were synthesized. The compounds were assayed for their ability to inhibit the replication of HIV in cell culture. The 4'-ethynyl analogue (15) was found to be more potent and less toxic than the parent compound stavudine.
Lithium hexamethyldisilazide (LiHMDS) can mediate silylation at the 6-position of uridine, although LiHMDS alone is not able to generate the C-6-lithiated uridine. Experimental results showed that temporary silylation of O-4 (or N-3) of the uracil ring triggers the C-6 lithiation with LiHMDS. This finding allowed us to develop an efficient intramolecular… (More)
Recently, Grid computing has gathered the attention as a means to efficiently and effectively utilize computational resources among multiple organizations. However, the current Grid technologies do not always provide the computational environment enough to satisfy users' requirements because of the heterogeneity and disconnect among computational resources… (More)
Preparation of 1',2 '-, 3 ',4 '-, and 4 ',5 '-epoxy derivatives of nucleosides and their use for the stereoselective synthesis of 1'- and 4 '-branched analogues are described.
Data security is becoming increasingly important as the Grid matures. The advances of the Grid have allowed scientists and researchers to build a data grid where they can share and exchange research-related data and information. In reality, however, these specialists do not benefit enough from this data grid. The reason is that the current Grid does not… (More)
An X-ray microbeam with a small angular divergence and a narrow energy bandwidth has been produced at BL24XU at SPring-8. The beam size was measured to be 3.1 microm and 1.6 microm in the horizontal and vertical directions, respectively, and the horizontal angular divergence was 4.0 arcsec. Using this microbeam the crystallinity estimation of thin layers on… (More)
Oxidation of 3'-O-TBDMS-4',5-unsaturated thymidine 3 with dimethyldioxirane (DMDO) allowed the isolation of the epoxide 4. Upon reacting with organosilicon reagents in the presence of SnCl4, 4 underwent stereoselective ring opening to give 4'-alpha-allyl (6), 4'-alpha-(2-bromoallyl) (7), 4'-alpha-(cyclopenten-3-yl) (8), and 4'-alpha-cyano (9) derivatives of… (More)
The recent advance in information technologies has bought about the borderlessness in every field of both science and business. The borderlessness has increasingly made activities in interdisciplinary field more important. This current situation produces a strong demand that people want to establish a virtual group, organization and society for their… (More)