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Violacein and the indolocarbazoles are naturally occurring bisindole products with various biological activities, including antitumor activity. Although these compounds have markedly different molecular skeletons, their biosynthetic pathways share the same intermediate "compound X," which is produced from L-tryptophan via indole-3-pyruvic acid imine.(More)
Staurosporine isolated from Streptomyces sp. TP-A0274 is a member of the family of indolocarbazole alkaloids that exhibit strong antitumor activity. A key step in staurosporine biosynthesis is the formation of the indolocarbazole core by intramolecular C-C bond formation and oxidative decarboxylation of chromopyrrolic acid (CPA) catalyzed by cytochrome P450(More)
Epothilones are potential anticancer drugs that stabilize microtubules by binding to tubulin in a manner similar to paclitaxel. Cytochrome P450epoK (P450epoK), a heme containing monooxygenase involved in epothilone biosynthesis in the myxobacterium Sorangium cellulosum, catalyzes the epoxidation of epothilones C and D into epothilones A and B, respectively.(More)
Cytochrome P450(BSβ), a H(2)O(2)-dependent cytochrome P450 catalyzing the hydroxylation of long-alkyl-chain fatty acids, lacks the general acid-base residue around the heme, which is indispensable for the efficient generation of the active species using H(2)O(2). On the basis of the crystal structure of the palmitic acid bound form of cytochrome P450(BSβ),(More)
Cytochrome P450(SPα) (CYP152B1) isolated from Sphingomonas paucimobilis is the first P450 to be classified as a H(2)O(2)-dependent P450. P450(SPα) hydroxylates fatty acids with high α-regioselectivity. Herein we report the crystal structure of P450(SPα) with palmitic acid as a substrate at a resolution of 1.65 Å. The structure revealed that the C(α) of the(More)
Cytochrome P450eryF (CYP107A) from Saccaropolyspora ertherea catalyzes the hydroxylation of 6-deoxyerythronolide B, one of the early steps in the biosynthesis of erythromycin. P450eryF has an alanine rather than the conserved threonine that participates in the activation of dioxygen (O(2)) in most other P450s. The initial structure of P450eryF(More)
Nitric oxide reductase (NOR) is an iron-containing enzyme that catalyzes the reduction of nitric oxide (NO) to generate a major greenhouse gas, nitrous oxide (N(2)O). Here, we report the crystal structure of NOR from Pseudomonas aeruginosa at 2.7 angstrom resolution. The structure reveals details of the catalytic binuclear center. The non-heme iron (Fe(B))(More)
Two key amino acids, Thr252 and Asp251, are known to be important for dioxygen activation by cytochrome P450cam. We have solved crystal structures of a critical intermediate, the ferrous dioxygen complex (Fe(II)-O2), of the wild-type P450cam and its mutants, D251N and T252A. The wild-type dioxygen complex structure is very much the same as reported(More)
The diversity of indolocarbazole natural products results from the differences in oxidation states of the pyrroline ring moiety. In the biosynthetic pathways for staurosporine and rebeccamycin, two homologous enzymes having 64% identity, StaC and RebC, are responsible for the selective production of K252c, which has one oxo group at the pyrroline ring, and(More)