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INTRODUCTION In this study, we evaluated the clinical usefulness of miniscrews as orthodontic anchorage. We examined their success rates, analyzed factors associated with their stability, and evaluated patients' postoperative pain and discomfort with a retrospective questionnaire. METHODS Seventy-five patients, 116 titanium screws of 2 types, and 38(More)
Odontogenic ameloblast-associated (ODAM) and amelotin (AMTN) are secreted by maturation stage ameloblasts and accumulate at the interface with enamel where an atypical basal lamina (BL) is present. This study aimed at determining and quantifying the ultrastructural distribution of ODAM and AMTN at the cell–tooth interface. Ultrathin sections of enamel(More)
OBJECTIVE Bruxism, the parafunctional habit of nocturnal grinding of the teeth and clenching, is associated with the onset of joint degeneration. Especially prolonged clenching is suggested to cause functional overloading in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). In this study, the distributions of stresses in the cartilaginous TMJ disc and articular cartilage,(More)
The junctional epithelium (JE) adheres to the tooth surface, and seals off periodontal tissues from the oral environment. This incompletely differentiated epithelium is formed initially by the fusion of the reduced enamel organ with the oral epithelium (OE). Two proteins, odontogenic ameloblast-associated (ODAM) and amelotin (AMTN), have been identified in(More)
INTRODUCTION Skeletal anterior open bite is a difficult problem to correct in orthodontic treatment. In adults, treatment of severe skeletal anterior open bite consists mainly of surgically repositioning the maxilla or the mandible. Recently, molar intrusion by using skeletal anchorage has been developed as a new strategy for open-bite treatment. In this(More)
Anterior open bite is often caused by a downward rotation of the mandible and/or by excessive eruption of the posterior teeth. In such cases, it is difficult to establish absolute anchorage for molar intrusion by traditional orthodontic mechanics. This article reports the successful treatment of a severe skeletal anterior open-bite case using titanium screw(More)
INTRODUCTION Facial asymmetry is a major complaint of orthodontic patients. In those with severe facial asymmetry, combination treatment of LeFort I osteotomy and mandibular surgery was commonly used. This article demonstrates the usefulness of titanium screws for orthodontic anchorage to intrude the molars in 2 patients with facial asymmetry and canted(More)
INTRODUCTION The purpose of this study was to evaluate root proximity as a risk factor for the failure of miniscrews used as orthodontic anchorage. METHODS We used dental radiographs and 3-dimensional computed tomography images to examine 216 titanium screws in 110 patients. Each screw was classified according to its proximity to the adjacent root.(More)
Skeletal anterior open bite is one of the most challenging malocclusions to correct because it is difficult to establish absolute anchorage for molar intrusion with traditional orthodontic mechanics. In addition, patients with anterior open bite sometimes have signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders (TMD). In this article, we report the successful(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to examine the correlation between the condylar path length and craniofacial morphology in patients with mandibular prognathism and deviation, and investigate changes in the condylar path length and temporomandibular joint disorders after intraoral vertical ramus osteotomy (IVRO). PATIENTS AND METHODS Sixteen Japanese(More)