Shingo Kikuchi

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The biosynthesis of iron-sulfur clusters is a highly regulated process involving several proteins. Among them, so-called scaffold proteins play pivotal roles in both the assembly and delivery of iron-sulfur clusters. Here, we report the identification of two chloroplast-localized NifU-like proteins, AtCnfU-V and AtCnfU-IVb, from Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis(More)
The preprotein translocon at the outer envelope membrane of chloroplasts (Toc) mediates the recognition and import of nuclear-encoded preproteins into chloroplasts. Two receptor components, Toc159 and Toc34, and the channel Toc75 form the Toc complex. In this study, we have analyzed the molecular architecture and organization of the Toc complex by blue(More)
Chloroplast protein import is mediated by two hetero-oligomeric protein complexes, the Tic and Toc translocons, which are located in the inner and outer envelope membranes. At the inner membrane, many Tic components have been identified and characterized, but it remains unclear how these Tic proteins are organized to form a protein-conducting channel or(More)
Photosystem II (PSII) from a red alga, Cyanidium caldarium, contains four extrinsic proteins of 33, 20, and 12 kDa and cytochrome (cyt)c550 [Enami, I., et al., (1995) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1232, 208-216]. The binding and functional properties of these four proteins in the red algal PSII were studied by release-reconstitution experiments. Of the four(More)
The insertion of light-harvesting chlorophyll proteins (LHCPs) into the thylakoid membrane of the chloroplast is cpSRP-dependent, and requires the stromal components cpSRP54 and cpSRP43, the membrane-bound SRP receptor cpFtsY and the integral membrane protein Alb3. Previous studies demonstrated that the Arabidopsis mutant lacking both cpSRP54 and cpSRP43(More)
Chloroplasts require protein translocons at the outer and inner envelope membranes, termed TOC and TIC, respectively, to import thousands of cytoplasmically synthesized preproteins. However, the molecular identity of the TIC translocon remains controversial. Tic20 forms a 1-megadalton complex at the inner membrane and directly interacts with translocating(More)
A chloroplast signal recognition particle (SRP) that is related to the SRP involved in secretion in bacteria and eukaryotic cells is used for the insertion of light-harvesting chlorophyll proteins (LHCPs) into the thylakoid membranes. A conserved component of the SRP mechanism is a membrane-bound SRP receptor, denoted FtsY in bacteria. Plant genomes encode(More)
Protein translocation across the inner envelope of plastids is mediated by the TIC (translocon at the inner envelope membrane of chloroplasts) protein translocation machinery. Tic20 has been shown to function as a central component of TIC machinery. The Arabidopsis genome encodes four Tic20 homologous proteins, AtTic20-I, AtTic20-II, AtTIC20-IV and(More)
Iron-sulfur proteins play physiologically important roles in a variety of metabolic processes in eukaryotes. In plants, iron-sulfur cluster biosynthesis is known to take place both in mitochondria and chloroplasts. However no components that mediate iron-sulfur cluster delivery in the plant cell cytosol have been identified so far. Here we report(More)
Chloroplasts change their position to adapt cellular activities to fluctuating environmental light conditions. Phototropins (phot1 and phot2 in Arabidopsis) are plant-specific blue light photoreceptors that perceive changes in light intensity and direction, and mediate actin-based chloroplast photorelocation movements. Both phot1 and phot2 regulate the(More)