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BACKGROUND Hypoxia induces the proliferation of lung fibroblasts in vivo and in vitro. However, the subcellular interactions between hypoxia and expression of tumor suppressor p53 and cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors p21 and p27 remain unclear. METHODS Normal human lung fibroblasts (NHLF) were cultured in a hypoxic chamber or exposed to desferroxamine(More)
Although nitric oxide (NO) is known to inhibit vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation, the subcellular molecular mechanisms involved with the inhibitory signal transduction pathways are uncertain. We investigated the effect of exogenous NO on cell proliferation and the expression of p53, p21, and phosphorylated p42/44 mitogen-activated protein kinase(More)
BACKGROUND Losing the sense of smell, which suggests eosinophilic rhinosinusitis, is a subjective symptom, sometimes reported in asthmatic patients taking controller medication. Upper abdominal symptoms, suggesting gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) or functional dyspepsia, occur also in these patients. However, the relationship between these symptoms,(More)
BACKGROUND Hypoxia induces the proliferation of pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cell (PASMC) in vivo and in vitro, and prostacyclin analogues are thought to inhibit the growth of PASMC. Previous studies suggest that p27kip1, a kind of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor, play an important role in the smooth muscle cell proliferation. However, the mechanism(More)
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