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UNLABELLED Recent reports have indicated the value and limitations of (18)F-FDG PET and (201)Tl SPECT for determination of malignancy. We prospectively assessed and compared the usefulness of these scintigraphic examinations as well as (18)F-FDG PET delayed imaging for the evaluation of thoracic abnormalities. METHODS Eighty patients with thoracic nodular(More)
The present study examines the significance of defining feeding arteries to arterial infusion chemotherapy for patients with non-small cell lung carcinoma. We retrospectively studied feeding arteries and findings from 32 patients treated by arterial infusion chemotherapy. We graded tumor staining by angiography and compared grade in the bronchial artery(More)
Arterial infusion chemotherapy is considered to be a treatment option for lung cancer patients who are intolerant of systemic chemotherapy because of an increased risk of severe toxicity. However, a number of major studies regarding arterial infusion chemotherapy for lung cancer have reported disappointing results. We performed arterial infusion(More)
UNLABELLED (18)F-FDG PET is increasingly used for lung cancer; however, some insufficient results have been reported. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of dual-time-point (18)F-FDG PET for staging lung cancer and for differentiating metastatic from nonmetastatic lung cancer lesions. METHODS One hundred fifty-five lung cancer patients(More)
PPARgamma is a member of a family of nuclear receptors/ligand-dependent transcription factors, which bind to hormone response elements on target gene promoters. An antiproliferative and proapoptotic action profile of PPARgamma has been described and PPARgamma may function as a tumor suppressor gene, but little is known about the role of PPARgamma in(More)
BACKGROUND To diagnose sputum smear-negative pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) is difficult and the ability of high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) for diagnosing PTB has remained unclear in the sputum smear-negative setting. We retrospectively investigated whether or not this imaging modality can predict risk for sputum smear-negative PTB. METHODS We(More)
To evaluate the usefulness of 18F-FDG PET in the imaging of pulmonary lesions related to disease activity and in monitoring responses to treatment in patients with pulmonary mycobacteriosis (PM). We used high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) and 18F-FDG PET to evaluate 47 consecutive untreated patients with PM, 25 with tuberculosis (TB) and 22 with(More)
BACKGROUND Hypoxia induces the proliferation of lung fibroblasts in vivo and in vitro. However, the subcellular interactions between hypoxia and expression of tumor suppressor p53 and cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors p21 and p27 remain unclear. METHODS Normal human lung fibroblasts (NHLF) were cultured in a hypoxic chamber or exposed to desferroxamine(More)
Individual clinical courses of idiopathic interstitial pneumonia (IIP) are variable and difficult to predict because the pathology and disease activity are contingent, and chest computed tomography (CT) provides little information about disease activity. In this study, we applied dual-time-point [18F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (18F-FDG) positron emission(More)
BACKGROUND Relationships among clinical, physiological, imaging and pathological findings of small airway disease associated with Sjögren's syndrome have remained unclear. SUBJECTS AND METHODS We retrospectively studied 14 patients who underwent surgical lung biopsy and who were diagnosed with small airway disease associated with primary or secondary(More)