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BACKGROUND It has been reported that pomegranate juice significantly increased the AUC of orally administered carbamazepine in rats, which suggests that pomegranate may inhibit the cytochrome P450 3A (CYP3A)-mediated carbamazepine metabolism. OBJECTIVE The aim of the present study was to clarify the effect of repeated consumption of pomegranate juice on(More)
The effects of green tea catechins on the main drug-metabolizing enzymatic system, cytochrome P450 (CYP), have not been fully elucidated. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effects of green tea extract (GTE, total catechins 86.5%, w/w) and (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) on the activities of CYP2B6, CYP2C8, CYP2C19, CYP2D6 and(More)
This study aimed to evaluate the effects of green tea on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of the β-blocker nadolol. Ten healthy volunteers received a single oral dose of 30 mg nadolol with green tea or water after repeated consumption of green tea (700 ml/day) or water for 14 days. Catechin concentrations in green tea and plasma were determined.(More)
BACKGROUND Inflammation is one of major mechanisms contributing to the pathogenesis of myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Pentraxin 3 (PTX3), produced in response to inflammatory signals, acts as a humoral arm of the innate immunity. Here we investigated the role of PTX3 produced from bone marrow-derived cells in myocardial I/R injury using(More)
This study was directed toward the development of novel ovalbumin dry powder inhalation system (OVA-DPI) for preparing experimental animal models of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, with the aim of aiding the drug discovery. OVA-DPI, prepared with jet mill, showed high dispersion and emission from capsule as evaluated by cascade impactor. Based on the(More)
Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) exerts immunomodulating and anti-inflammatory activities through its specific receptors, such as VPAC1 and 2 receptors. Previously, a stabilized VIP derivative, [R(15,20,21), L(17)]-VIP-GRR (IK312532), was proposed as a candidate of anti-asthma drug, and a dry powder inhaler system of IK312532 was also developed for(More)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an increasingly important cause of morbidity and mortality, pathological features of which are pulmonary inflammation and irreversible airflow obstruction. Current therapies for COPD are aimed at improvement of clinical symptoms and reduction of inflammation in the respiratory systems. There is a pressing need(More)
Nadolol is a nonmetabolized β-adrenoceptor antagonist and is a substrate of OATP1A2, but not of OATP2B1. However, other drug transporters involved in translocation of nadolol have not been characterized in detail. We therefore investigated nadolol as a potential substrate of the hepatic uptake transporters OATP1B1, OATP1B3, and OCT1 and of the renal(More)
Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) has been considered as a promising drug candidate for asthma and COPD because of its potent immunomodulating and anti-inflammatory activities. Recently, our group developed a new VIP derivative, [R(15, 20, 21), L(17), A(24,25), des-N(28)]-VIP-GRR (IK312548), with improved chemical and metabolic stability. In the present(More)
1. Midazolam, a short-acting benzodiazepine, has been considered a probe for estimating hepatic and intestinal cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A activity in humans. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of midazolam administered intravenously (i.v.) and orally (p.o.) at relatively low doses to healthy volunteers. 2.(More)