Shingen Misaka

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This study aimed to evaluate the effects of green tea on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of the β-blocker nadolol. Ten healthy volunteers received a single oral dose of 30 mg nadolol with green tea or water after repeated consumption of green tea (700 ml/day) or water for 14 days. Catechin concentrations in green tea and plasma were determined.(More)
The effects of green tea catechins on the main drug-metabolizing enzymatic system, cytochrome P450 (CYP), have not been fully elucidated. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effects of green tea extract (GTE, total catechins 86.5%, w/w) and (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) on the activities of CYP2B6, CYP2C8, CYP2C19, CYP2D6 and(More)
Green tea catechins have been shown to affect the activities of drug transporters in vitro, including P-glycoprotein and organic anion transporting polypeptides. However, it remains unclear whether catechins influence the in vivo disposition of substrate drugs for these transporters. In the present study, we investigated effects of green tea extract (GTE)(More)
Effects of green tea extract (GTE) on the activity of cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes and pharmacokinetics of simvastatin (SIM) were investigated in rats. Inhibitory effects of GTE on CYP3A activity were investigated in rat hepatic microsomes (RHM) using midazolam (MDZ) 1'-hydroxylation as a probe reaction. SD female rats received a single oral dose of GTE(More)
Important export pumps expressed in the apical membrane of enterocytes are P-glycoprotein (P-gp), breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) and multidrug resistance protein 2 (MRP2). They are believed to be a crucial part of the bodies' defense mechanisms against potentially toxic, orally administered xenobiotics. In particular P-gp and BCRP also limit the(More)
Green tea catechins inhibit the function of organic anion transporting polypeptides (OATPs) that mediate the uptake of a diverse group of drugs and endogenous compounds into cells. The present study was aimed at investigating the effect of green tea and its most abundant catechin epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) on the transport activity of several drug(More)
BACKGROUND It has been reported that pomegranate juice significantly increased the AUC of orally administered carbamazepine in rats, which suggests that pomegranate may inhibit the cytochrome P450 3A (CYP3A)-mediated carbamazepine metabolism. OBJECTIVE The aim of the present study was to clarify the effect of repeated consumption of pomegranate juice on(More)
Sensitive to the massive diffusion of purported metabolic and cardiovascular positive effects of green tea and catechincontaining extracts, many consumers of cardiovascular drugs assume these products as a "natural" and presumably innocuous adjunctive way to increase their overall health. However, green tea may interfere with the oral bioavailability or(More)
1. Midazolam, a short-acting benzodiazepine, has been considered a probe for estimating hepatic and intestinal cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A activity in humans. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of midazolam administered intravenously (i.v.) and orally (p.o.) at relatively low doses to healthy volunteers. 2.(More)
Nadolol is a nonmetabolized β-adrenoceptor antagonist and is a substrate of OATP1A2, but not of OATP2B1. However, other drug transporters involved in translocation of nadolol have not been characterized in detail. We therefore investigated nadolol as a potential substrate of the hepatic uptake transporters OATP1B1, OATP1B3, and OCT1 and of the renal(More)