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BACKGROUND: Death of an infant in utero or at birth has always been a devastating experience for the mother and of concern in clinical practice. Infant mortality remains a challenge in the care of pregnant women worldwide, but particularly for developing countries and the need to understand contributory factors is crucial for addressing appropriate(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and changes in the 10-year coronary heart disease (CHD) risk factors in women who participated in the WISEWOMAN program in Nebraska. METHODS Data for analysis were available for a total of 10,739 women who received CVD screening between September 2002 and December 2004. We examined the(More)
BACKGROUND Low birth weight (LBW) remains the main cause of mortality and morbidity in infants, and a problem in the care of pregnant women world-wide particularly in developing countries. The purpose of this study was to describe the socio-demographic, nutritional, reproductive, medical and obstetrical risk factors for delivering a live LBW infant at(More)
BACKGROUND Maternal obesity (defined as prepregnancy body mass index [BMI] >or=30 kg/m) is associated with increased risk of neonatal death. Its association with infant death, postneonatal death, and cause-specific infant death is less well-characterized. METHODS We studied the association between maternal obesity and the risk of infant death by using(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the performance and the utility of using birthweight-adjusted scores of Dubowitz and Ballard methods of estimating gestational age in a Zimbabwean population. METHOD The Dubowitz and the Ballard methods of estimating gestational age were administered to 364 African newborn infants with a known last menstrual period (LMP) at Harare(More)
Data on birth outcomes are important for planning maternal and child health care services in developing countries. Only a few studies have examined frequency of birth outcomes in Zimbabwe, none of which has jointly examined the spectrum of poor birth outcomes across important demographic subgroups. We assessed delivery patterns and birth outcomes in 17 174(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the heterogeneity of preterm labor, preterm premature rupture of membranes (PROM), and indicated preterm birth in overall and gestational-age-specific neonatal death risk. METHODS We used 2001 U.S. linked birth/infant death (birth cohort) data sets for this analysis. We categorized three preterm birth subtypes according to(More)
BACKGROUND Prematurity remains the main cause of mortality and morbidity in infants and a problem in the care of pregnant women world-wide. This preliminary study describes the socio-demographic, reproductive, medical, and obstetrical risk factors for having a live pre-term delivery (PTD) in Zimbabwe. METHODS This case-control study examined risk factors(More)
BACKGROUND The determinants of physical activity (PA) and body fatness in Chinese adolescents are rarely examined. This study aimed to investigate the effect of attitude toward PA, screen time, parents' socioeconomic status (SES), and exercise habit on PA and body fatness among Chinese children by using structural equation modeling (SEM) analysis. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the likelihood of enrollees in the Nebraska Every Woman Matters program being screened for breast and cervical cancer. METHODS We explored the relationship between sociodemographic characteristics and receiving cancer screening services. RESULTS Older and Native American women were more likely than younger and White women to have(More)