Shing Hwa Liu

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BACKGROUND There is a widespread interest in developing renewable sources of islet-replacement tissue for type I diabetes mellitus. Human mesenchymal cells isolated from the Wharton's jelly of the umbilical cord (HUMSCs), which can be easily obtained and processed compared with embryonic and bone marrow stem cells, possess stem cell properties. HUMSCs may(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetes mellitus causes multiple cardiovascular complications. High glucose can induce reactive oxygen species and apoptosis in endothelial cells. Little is known about the molecular mechanisms in high glucose-induced endothelial cell apoptosis. METHODS AND RESULTS We elucidated the signaling pathway of high glucose-induced apoptosis in human(More)
A variety of serovars of the food-borne pathogen Vibrio parahaemolyticus normally cause infection. Since 1996, the O3:K6 strains of this pathogen have caused pandemics in many Asian countries, including Taiwan. For a better understanding of these pandemic strains, the recently isolated clinical O3:K6 strains from India, Japan, Korea, and Taiwan were(More)
CD4 is the primary receptor for the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Nef is an accessory protein of HIV that decreases the expression of CD4 on the surface of infected cells. In this study, we identified the Nef binding protein 1 (NBP1), which interacts specifically with Nef in vitro and in vivo. Since it shares sequence similarity with the catalytic(More)
2'-Fluoro-5-methyl-beta-L-arabinofuranosyl uracil (L-FMAU) was discovered to have potent antiviral activity against hepatitis B virus (HBV). L-FMAU was more potent than its D-enantiomer and produced dose-dependent inhibition of the viral DNA replication in 2.2.15 cells (human HepG2 cells with the HBV genome), with a 50% inhibitory concentration of 0.1(More)
A clathrin homolog encoded on human chromosome 22 (CHC22) displays distinct biochemistry, distribution and function compared with conventional clathrin heavy chain (CHC17), encoded on chromosome 17. CHC22 protein is upregulated during myoblast differentiation into myotubes and is expressed at high levels in muscle and at low levels in non-muscle cells,(More)
Clathrin is a triskelion-shaped cytoplasmic protein that polymerizes into a polyhedral lattice on intracellular membranes to form protein-coated membrane vesicles. Lattice formation induces the sorting of membrane proteins during endocytosis and organelle biogenesis by interacting with membrane-associated adaptor molecules. The clathrin triskelion is a(More)
Endothelin-1 (Et-1) is a peptide synthesized by endothelial cells (ECs) both in culture and in vivo. Cyclic strain induces gene expression of Et-1, however, the molecular mechanisms remain unclear. Since cyclic strain induces a sustained increase in intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), we hypothesized that the ROS could be a modulator in(More)
INTRODUCTION The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of global gene ablation of SSTR5 on the endocrine pancreas, insulin secretion, and glucose tolerance in aging mice, as SSTR5 is a primary regulator of insulin secretion in the mouse pancreas. METHODS Global SSTR5-/- mice were generated and genotypes were verified using Southern blot and(More)
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a major risk factor for atherosclerosis and causes multiple cardiovascular complications. Although high glucose can induce matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), its inhibitors and cell apoptosis, little is known about the roles of MMPs in regulating cell apoptosis in response to high glucose. To address this issue, we elucidated the(More)