Shing Hei Zhan

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Polyploidy, the doubling of genomic content, is a widespread feature, especially among plants, yet its macroevolutionary impacts are contentious. Traditionally, polyploidy has been considered an evolutionary dead end, whereas recent genomic studies suggest that polyploidy has been a key driver of macroevolutionary success. We examined the consequences of(More)
Intraflagellar transport (IFT) depends on two evolutionarily conserved modules, subcomplexes A (IFT-A) and B (IFT-B), to drive ciliary assembly and maintenance. All six IFT-A components and their motor protein, DYNC2H1, have been linked to human skeletal ciliopathies, including asphyxiating thoracic dystrophy (ATD; also known as Jeune syndrome),(More)
BACKGROUND We undertook genetic analysis of three affected families to identify the cause of dominantly-inherited CAPOS (cerebellar ataxia, areflexia, pes cavus, optic atrophy and sensorineural hearing loss) syndrome. METHODS We used whole-exome sequencing to analyze two families affected with CAPOS syndrome, including the original family reported in(More)
We used trio-based whole-exome sequencing to analyze two families affected by Weaver syndrome, including one of the original families reported in 1974. Filtering of rare variants in the affected probands against the parental variants identified two different de novo mutations in the enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2). Sanger sequencing of EZH2 in a third(More)
Recent sequencing efforts have described the mutational landscape of the pediatric brain tumor medulloblastoma. Although MLL2 is among the most frequent somatic single nucleotide variants (SNV), the clinical and biological significance of these mutations remains uncharacterized. Through targeted re-sequencing, we identified mutations of MLL2 in 8 % (14/175)(More)
The pacemaking activity of specialized tissues in the heart and gut results in lifelong rhythmic contractions. Here we describe a new syndrome characterized by Chronic Atrial and Intestinal Dysrhythmia, termed CAID syndrome, in 16 French Canadians and 1 Swede. We show that a single shared homozygous founder mutation in SGOL1, a component of the cohesin(More)
The fate of polyploid lineages has been of long-standing interest to evolutionary biologists. In our previous work (Mayrose et al., 2011a; reviewed in Arrigo & Barker, 2012), we used likelihood methods to estimate the effects of recent polyploidization events on diversification rates (speciation minus extinction). Our goal was to ask whether, across groups,(More)
Autosomal-recessive inheritance, severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss, and partial agenesis of the corpus callosum are hallmarks of the clinically well-established Chudley-McCullough syndrome (CMS). Although not always reported in the literature, frontal polymicrogyria and gray matter heterotopia are uniformly present, whereas cerebellar dysplasia,(More)
BACKGROUND The genetics of congenital heart disease (CHD) remain incompletely understood. Exome sequencing has been successfully used to identify disease-causing mutations in familial disorders in which candidate gene analyses and linkage mapping have failed. METHODS We studied a large family characterized by autosomal dominant isolated secundum atrial(More)
AIMS Alpha(1)-antitrypsin deficiency (AATD) is a clinically under-diagnosed genetic disorder that originates from deleterious mutations in the alpha(1)-antitrypsin (AAT) gene, SERPINA1. Severe deficiency is associated with significant pulmonary and hepatic malfunctions. Conventional clinical diagnosis involves the evaluation of serum AAT level and detection(More)