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BACKGROUND Specific circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) in each organ may contribute to the diagnosis and prognosis in some cancers. miRNA from papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) may be released into the bloodstream. This study was performed to detect miRNAs in the plasma and estimate their diagnostic usefulness for discriminating between benign and malignant(More)
Granulicatella adiacens is a catalase-negative, oxidase-negative, facultatively anaerobic, Gram-positive coccus [1]. This bacterium is considered nutritionally variant streptococci (NVS) because of its requirement for pyridoxal, L-cysteine, or additional nutrients, such as sulfhydryl compounds, for growth [2]. G. adi-acens can grow well on culture medium(More)
BACKGROUND PCR is a widely used method for rapid and accurate diagnosis of mycobacteriosis. The sensitivity and specificity of a real time PCR kit newly developed in Korea were evaluated for detecting mycobacteria in respiratory specimens. METHODS One hundred twenty nine Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB) culture positive respiratory specimens (82 AFB stain(More)
We validated candidate biomarkers using circulating miRNAs by analyzing serum miRNA concentrations from patients with gastric cancer (GC) to predict lymph node (LN) metastasis. In a pilot study, serum levels of miR-21, miR-27a, miR-106b, miR-146a, miR-148a, miR-223, and miR-433 were compared in 10 healthy donors, 16 LN-positive patients with GC, and 15(More)
Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) have gained increasing attention owing to their roles in cancer recurrence and progression. Due to the rarity of CTCs in the bloodstream, an enrichment process is essential for effective target cell characterization. However, in a typical pressure-driven microfluidic system, the enrichment process generally requires(More)
OBJECTIVES Coding Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine, Clinical Terms (SNOMED CT) with complex and polysemy clinical terms may ask coder to have a high level of knowledge of clinical domains, but with simpler clinical terms, coding may require only simpler knowledge. However, there are few studies quantitatively showing the relation between domain(More)
Hypermethylation of the homeobox (HOX) gene promoter leads to decreased expression of the gene during tumor development and is thought to be correlated with the clinical outcome in leukemia. In this study, we performed pyrosequencing to quantify the methylation level of HOXA5 genes in the bone marrow samples obtained from 50 patients with AML and 19 normal(More)
Levels of soluble interleukin-2 receptor alpha (sIL-2Rα) are known to increase in the sera of patients with certain malignancies, including malignant lymphoma. This study aimed to assess the clinical significance of the sIL-2Rα level in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). We used ELISA to measure the sIL-2Rα levels in 48 newly diagnosed and untreated patients(More)
OBJECTIVES The stability of circulating proteins can be affected by repeated freezing and thawing. The aim of our study was to identify the effect of repeated freezing and thawing on the plasma and serum concentrations of eight proteins [interferon-γ, interleukin (IL)-8, IL-15, IL-17A, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-7, tumor necrosis factor-α, vascular(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment for chronic hepatitis B aims to suppress virus replication and virus sequestration in hepatocytes. Covalently closed circular (ccc) DNA is the template for transcription of viral genes and is responsible for viral persistence. However, limited data are available for quantification of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) in Korea. (More)