Shin-ichirou Nishimatsu

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Angiotensin (AT) II, the bioactive octapeptide in the renin-angiotensin system that plays a key role in cardiovascular homeostasis, exerts its multiple effects through the different types of AT receptors, AT1a, AT1b, and AT2. Previously, we showed chronic hypotension in angiotensinogen (the precursor of AT)-deficient mice and a dramatic increase in renin(More)
We have previously shown that the animal pole tissue from a st.10+ early gastrula Xenopus embryo stimulates the primary differentiation of erythrocytes in the ventral mesoderm in combination culture. To characterize the nature of this stimulation, various sizes and different portions of animal pole tissue were combined with the ventral mesoderm explants.(More)
Members of the Wnt family are known to play diverse roles in the organogenesis of vertebrates. The full-coding sequences of chicken Wnt-5a were identified and the role it plays in limb development was examined by comparing its expression pattern with that of two other Wnt members, Wnt-4 and Wnt-11, and by misexpressing it with a retrovirus vector in the(More)
We have previously demonstrated that activin, a member of the TGF-beta family, has a potent mesoderm-inducing activity in Xenopus embryos. In the course of screening for activin-related genes from Xenopus, we have cloned cDNAs for Xenopus homologue of BMP-2, -4 and -7. Northern blot analysis revealed that these BMP genes are maternally encoded and(More)
Activin A, a member of the transforming growth factor beta superfamily, has recently been found to have potent mesoderm-inducing activity on isolated early Xenopus animal-cap cells. We measured the activin activity of the Xenopus egg extract by using an erythroid-differentiating test with Friend leukemia cells. The results showed that an activin homologue(More)
Smads are central mediators of signal transduction for the TGFbeta superfamily. However, the precise functions of Smad-mediated signaling pathways in early development are unclear. Here we demonstrate a requirement for Smad2 signaling in dorsoanterior axis formation during Xenopus development. Using two point mutations of Smad2 previously identified in(More)
The dorsal ectoderm of the limb bud is known to regulate anterior-posterior patterning as well as dorsal-ventral patterning during vertebrate limb morphogenesis. Wnt-7a, expressed in the dorsal ectoderm, encodes a key molecule implicated in these events. In the present study, chicken frizzled-10 (Fz-10) encoding a Wnt receptor was used to study mechanisms(More)
Expression levels of mRNA for Xenopus bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) in early embryos and adult organs were examined. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) that used specific primers for each BMP subtype revealed that mRNAs for BMP-2 and BMP-4 are distributed in a wide variety of adult tissues including lung, heart, and kidney.(More)
Polyclonal antibodies capable of reacting with amphibian bone morphogenetic protein (BMP-2 and -4) were raised in rabbits by immunization with a synthetic 21 amino acid peptide which corresponds to a sequence residing in the mature protein of Xenopus BMP-2 (xBMP-2). The antibodies recognized an embryonic BMP as well as mammalian and bacteria expressed(More)
Four distinct cDNAs for activin receptor designated as XSTK2, 3, 8 and 9 have been cloned from a Xenopus laevis cDNA library. The protein structures deduced from the cDNAs have shown that they all have a putative extracellular ligand-binding domain, a single transmembrane domain and cytoplasmic Ser/Thr kinase domain, except that XSTK2 is extremely similar(More)