Shin-ichiro Sawa

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Dendritic cells (DCs) orchestrate immune responses according to their state of maturation. In response to infection, DCs differentiate into mature cells that initiate immune responses, while in the absence of infection, most of them remain in an immature form that induces tolerance to self Ags. Understanding what controls these opposing effects is an(More)
We found IL-6-STAT3 pathway suppresses MHC class II (MHCII) expression on dendritic cells (DCs) and attenuates T cell activation. Here, we showed that IL-6-STAT3 signaling reduced intracellular MHCII alphabeta dimmer, Ii, and H2-DM levels in DCs. IL-6-mediated STAT3 activation decreased cystatin C level, an endogenous inhibitor of cathepsins, and enhanced(More)
Patients with Omenn syndrome (OS) have hypomorphic RAG mutations and develop varying manifestations of severe combined immunodeficiency. It is not known which symptoms are caused directly by the RAG mutations and which depend on other polymorphic genes. Our current understanding of OS is limited by the lack of an animal model. In the present study, we(More)
Mice homozygous for the F759 mutation in the gp130 interleukin (IL)-6 receptor subunit have enhanced gp130-mediated signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT)3 activation and spontaneously developed a lymphocyte-mediated rheumatoid arthritis-like joint disease. Here, we show that the development of the disease is dependent on both major(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a polygenic autoimmune disease. The autoimmunity develops from synergistic actions of genetic and environmental factors. We generated a double-mutant mouse by crossing two murine models of RA, a gp130 mutant knock-in mouse (gp130F759/F759) and an HTLV-1 pX transgenic mouse (pX-Tg), in a C57BL/6 background, which is resistant to(More)
The homeostasis of memory CD8+ T cells is regulated by cytokines. IL-15 is shown to promote the proliferation of memory CD8+ T cells, while IL-2 suppresses their division in vivo. This inhibitory effect of IL-2 appears to occur indirectly, through other cell populations including CD25+CD4+ T cells; however, the details of this mechanism remain unclear. In(More)
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