Shin ichiro Sano

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The success of Cre-mediated conditional gene targeting depends on the specificity of Cre recombinase expression in Cre-transgenic mouse lines. As a tool to evaluate the specificity of Cre expression, we developed a reporter transgenic mouse strain that expresses enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) upon Cre-mediated recombination. We demonstrate that(More)
Monodehydroascorbate (MDA) reductase catalyzes the reduction of MDA, the only organic radical substrate for the enzyme reported so far. Here, we show that cucumber MDA reductase is also capable of reducing phenoxyl radicals which are generated by horseradish peroxidase (HRP) with H2O2. The addition of MDA reductase plus NADH suppressed the HRP/H2O2(More)
We have determined the complete nucleotide sequence of chloroplast DNA from a liverwort, Marchantia polymorpha, using a clone bank of chloroplast DNA fragments. The circular genome consists of 121,024 base-pairs and includes two large inverted repeats (IRA and IRB, each 10,058 base-pairs), a large single-copy region (LSC, 81,095 base-pairs), and a small(More)
To elucidate the biological role of Stat3 in the skin, conditional gene targeting using the Cre-loxP system was performed as germline Stat3 ablation leads to embryonic lethality. K5-Cre;Stat3(flox/-) transgenic mice, whose epidermal and follicular keratinocytes lack functional Stat3, were viable and the development of epidermis and hair follicles appeared(More)
To analyze the potential of the active oxygen-scavenging system of chloroplasts, we introduced Escherichia coli catalase into tobacco chloroplasts. Photosynthesis of transgenic plants was tolerant to high irradiance under drought conditions, while the wild plants suffered severe damage in photosynthesis under the same conditions. Irrespective of responses(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a member of the neurotrophins, promotes differentiation and survival of various types of neurons in the central nervous system. BDNF binds to and activates the tyrosine kinase receptor, TrkB, initiating intracellular signaling and exerting its effects. Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-K), which has been implicated(More)
The FAD-enzyme monodehydroascorbate (MDA) reductase catalyzes the regeneration of ascorbate from the MDA radical using NAD(P)H as the electron donor [Hossain and Asada (1985) J. Biol. Chem. 260: 12920]. We cloned a cDNA of MDA reductase from cucumber seedlings and deduced its entire sequence of amino acid residues. The cDNA library from cucumber seedlings(More)
This study describes abnormalities of the thymus in mice in which the Stat3 gene has been specifically disrupted behind the keratin 5 promoter. In these mice, virtually all of the thymic epithelial cells (TEC) were deficient for Stat3 activation. Adult mutant mice developed severe thymic hypoplasia, which included alterations in the cortical TEC(More)
BIT/SHPS-1/SIRPalpha/P84 is a unique molecule with a high degree of homology with immune antigen recognition molecules (immunoglobulin, T-cell receptor and MHC), and is highly expressed in the brain. The extracellular region contains three immunoglobulin-like domains (V-type, C1-type and C1-type), and the intracellular region contains two signalling motifs(More)