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Mutations in the neuronal voltage-gated sodium channel alpha-subunit type I gene (SCN1A) were found responsible for severe myoclonic epilepsy in infancy (SMEI). The authors describe novel mutations of SCN1A in Japanese patients with SMEI. They screened 12 unrelated patients and a pair of monozygotic twins and detected 10 mutations that lead to truncation of(More)
The time for solubilization of the bovine zona pellucida in a hypotonic buffer containing 5% (v/v) beta-mercaptoethanol and 7 mol urea l-1 increased by 10% after fertilization. Coupling with a specific fluorescent thiol probe, monobromobimane (mBBr), was markedly greater in the zona pellucida of ovarian eggs compared with fertilized eggs, indicating that(More)
Recent studies have strongly implicated low voltage-activated/T-type calcium channels (T-channels) in the etiology of epilepsy. Here, we report the results of a mutational analysis of the CACNA1G gene, encoding the T-channel Ca(V)3.1/(1G) subunit, using a cohort of 123 mostly Japanese and Hispanic patients with idiopathic generalized epilepsies (IGE) and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Neurological manifestations, such as benign convulsions and encephalitis/encephalopathy have been reported in patients with rotavirus gastroenteritis. However, cerebellitis has not attracted much attention. The purpose of this study was to identify and report the clinical and radiologic features of rotavirus cerebellitis. MATERIALS(More)
The innate immunity against murine cytomegalovirus (MCMV) at the early phase of infection is mediated by NK cells and macrophages. We studied the effects of hochu-ekki-to (HET), a traditional Chinese herbal medicine, on the regulation of innate immunity mediated by NK cells and macrophages. We found the oral administration of HET to increase both the number(More)
Anatomical development of the human mesencephalic trigeminal nucleus was assessed quantitatively and qualitatively, using serial sections of brains, with the help of a computer-assisted image-analyser. Five fetuses at 16, 18, 21, 23 and 27 weeks of gestation; five neonates at 30, 32, 33, 35 and 40 weeks of gestation; a two-month-old infant and a 63-year-old(More)
The morphometric features of the motor trigeminal nucleus of the developing human brain were examined using complete serial celloidin sections of 13 brains, including 10 fetal brains. Our results suggest that the developmental processes of the motor trigeminal nucleus should be divided into four stages as follows: (1) primary stage, characterized by the(More)
A novel series of 4-[N-methyl-N-[(E)-3-[4-(methylsulfonyl)phenyl]-2- propenoyl]amino]benzenesulfonamides has been prepared and evaluated as membrane-bound phospholipase A2 inhibitors. A structure-activity relationship study indicated that the optimum potency was realized with the N-(phenylalkyl)piperidine derivatives 3 and 4. These compounds inhibited the(More)
The clinical efficacy of lidocaine for convulsive status epilepticus in 53 convulsive episodes was examined in 37 children (17 males, 20 females). Mean age of patients receiving lidocaine was 3 years 7 months (SD 3y 5mo). Lidocaine administration achieved control of status epilepticus in 19 of 53 convulsive episodes (35.8%). Seizures ceased within 5 minutes(More)
WSX-1 is a class I cytokine receptor with homology to the IL-12 receptors. The physiological role of WSX-1, which is expressed mainly in T cells, was investigated in gene-targeted WSX-1-deficient mice. IFN-gamma production was reduced in isolated WSX-1(-/-) T cells subjected to primary stimulation in vitro to induce Th1 differentiation but was normal in(More)