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PURPOSE To investigate circadian changes in subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFCT) and the relation to systemic factors in healthy subjects. METHODS Thirty-eight eyes of 19 healthy volunteers were enrolled. SFCT was measured by using prototype high-penetration optical coherence tomography. Intraocular pressure (IOP), systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic(More)
We describe an on-line dual detection method using HPLC for lipoprotein analysis that allows simultaneous determination of cholesterol and triglyceride profiles from a single injection of sample. Two different gel permeation columns, TSKgel LipopropakXL and Superose 6HR, were applied to the dual detection system, evaluating analytical performance of the(More)
To explore mechanisms governing the formation and remodeling of postsynaptic density (PSD), we used dissociated cultures of hippocampal neurons isolated from transgenic embryos expressing green fluorescent protein (GFP)-tagged PSD proteins PSD-Zip45 (Homer 1c) and PSD-95. Expression of GFP-tagged PSD molecules was stable, and the remodeling process of PSDs(More)
PSD-Zip45/Homer1c, which contains an enabled/VASP homology 1 (EVH1) domain and leucine zipper motifs, is a postsynaptic density (PSD) scaffold protein that interacts with metabotropic glutamate receptors and the shank family. We studied the molecular mechanism underlying the synaptic targeting of PSD-Zip45 in cultured hippocampal neurons. The EVH1 domain(More)
Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is a collection of diseases in which rod photoreceptors die from a variety of mutations. After rods die, the level of tissue oxygen in the outer retina becomes elevated and there is progressive oxidative damage to cones that ultimately triggers apoptosis. In this study, we investigated the hypothesis that NADPH oxidase (Nox) and/or(More)
Two constituents of bile, bilirubin and tauroursodeoxycholic acid (TUDCA), have antioxidant activity. However, bilirubin can also cause damage to some neurons and glial cells, particularly immature neurons. In this study, we tested the effects of bilirubin and TUDCA in two models in which oxidative stress contributes to photoreceptor cell death, prolonged(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate changes in axial length and choroidal thickness after trabeculectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS Fourteen patients under 80 years of age with glaucoma, were enrolled. The choroid was imaged using prototypical high-penetration optic coherence tomography (OCT) and the thickness was measured. Axial length, choroidal thickness, and intraocular(More)
BACKGROUND Adipocyte fatty acid-binding protein (A-FABP) has been reported to play critical roles in the development of atherosclerosis. We investigated whether an increased in plasma A-FABP level can be independently associated with the presence of coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS Two hundred eleven consecutive male patients (mean age: 66 years,(More)
BACKGROUND Abnormal iron deposition may cause oxidant-induced damage in various organs. We have previously reported that continuous administration of angiotensin II to rats results in an overt iron deposition in the renal tubular epithelial cells, which may have a role in angiotensin II-induced renal damage. In the present study, we investigated the role of(More)
The postsynaptic site of the excitatory synapse, which is composed of the postsynaptic density (PSD) attached to the postsynaptic membrane, is a center for synaptic plasticity. To reveal the molecular organization and functional regulation of the postsynaptic site, we cloned a 70 kDa protein that is concentrated in PSDs using a monoclonal antibody against(More)