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Staurosporine is a representative member of indolocarbazole antibiotics. The entire staurosporine biosynthetic and regulatory gene cluster spanning 20-kb was cloned from Streptomyces sp. TP-A0274 and sequenced. The gene cluster consists of 14 ORFs and the amino acid sequence homology search revealed that it contains three genes, staO, staD, and staP, coding(More)
The biosynthetic gene cluster for rebeccamycin, an indolocarbazole antibiotic, from Lechevalieria aerocolonigenes ATCC 39243 has 11 ORFs. To clarify their functions, mutants with rebG, rebD, rebC, rebP, rebM, rebR, rebH, rebT, or orfD2 disrupted were constructed, and the gene products were examined. rebP disruptants produced 11,11'-dichlorochromopyrrolic(More)
A novel shuttle integration cosmid vector (pTOYAMAcos), based on pKU402, and shuttle integration vectors (pTYM18 and pTYM19) were constructed for the cloning of actinomycete DNA and its heterologous expression. These vectors contain oriT of an IncP transmissible plasmid in order to transfer genes by conjugation from Escherichia coli to actinomycetes, and(More)
PA28-gamma is the activator of 20S proteasome, the ATP-dependent proteolytic system that plays an important role in cell cycle progression in various cell types. In this paper, we show the abnormally high expression of PA28-gamma in various thyroid neoplasms. Thyroid samples were obtained from patients with normal thyroid (4 cases) and with the following(More)
A novel shuttle integration cosmid vector (pTOYAMAcos), based on pKU402, and shuttle integration vectors (pTYM18 and pTYM19) were constructed for the cloning of actinomycete DNA and its heterologous expression. These vectors contain oriT of an IncP transmissible plasmid in order to transfer genes by conjugation from Escherichia coli to actinomycetes, and(More)
BACKGROUND The voltage-gated potassium channel Kv1.5 plays a critical role in the maintenance of the membrane potential. While protein degradation is one of the major mechanisms for the regulation of channel functions, little is known on the degradation mechanism of Kv1.5. METHODS AND RESULTS Kv1.5 was expressed in COS cells and its degradation,(More)
The effects of cilnidipine on the serum uric acid level and urinary NO excretion in hypertensive patients were investigated. Blood and urine samples of 16 hypertensive outpatients were collected before and 2 months after cilnidipine therapy (10 mg). The serum uric acid level decreased significantly after cilnidipine treatment, while the uric acid-creatinine(More)
A condition similar to egg-drop syndrome-1976 (EDS-76) occurred in 14 broiler breeding flocks in 2 farms in Japan from December 1978 to January 1980, and it was diagnosed as EDS-76 by serologic and virological investigations. Egg production fell suddenly when the hens were 30 to 55 weeks of age, and the depression lasted 3 to 7 weeks. Production fell 6 to(More)
ATP-sensitive K+ channels (K(ATP):SUR2A+Kir6.2) play a pivotal role in cardiac protection against ischemia and reperfusion injury. When expressed in COS cells, Kir6.2 was short-lived with a half-life time of 1.9 h. The half-life time of Kir6.2 was prolonged by proteasome inhibitors MG132, ALLN, proteasome inhibitor 1, and lactacystine, but not at all by a(More)
BACKGROUND We developed a simple and new insulin resistance index derived from a glucose clamp and a meal tolerance test (MTT) in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS Fifteen patients [mean age: 53 years, fasting plasma glucose (FPG) 7.7 mmol/L, HbA1c 7.1% (54 mmol/mol), body mass index 26.8 kg/m(2)] underwent a MTT and a glucose(More)