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We report a case displaying upper motor sign, parkinsonism, and behavioral abnormality, with marked degeneration of the precentral cortex, neostriatum and frontotemporal lobes, as well as ubiquitinated neuronal inclusions. The patient was a 66-year-old male at the time of death. At age 57, he noticed progressive difficulties in speaking and swallowing. At(More)
We noted a new clinical syndrome with prominent cerebellar symptoms in apartment building residents in Kamisu, Japan. The well that provided drinking water contained diphenylarsinic acid, a degradation product of diphenylcyanoarsine or diphenylchloroarsine, which were developed for use as chemical weapons, inducing severe vomiting and sneezing.(More)
The selective vulnerability of distinct neuronal structures is a major feature of Machado-Joseph disease (MJD), also known as spinocerebellar ataxia 3 (SCA3). Vestibular dysfunction is known to be a symptom of MJD, but little is known about precisely when the vestibular system becomes impaired. Using a caloric test, we evaluated vestibular function in 2 MJD(More)
Machado-Joseph disease/spinocerebellar ataxia-3 (MJD/SCA-3) is an inherited neurodegenerative disorder caused by expansion of the polyglutamine stretch in the MJD gene-encoded protein ataxin-3. The truncated form of mutated ataxin-3 causes aggregation and cell death in vitro and in vivo. Abnormal conformation and misfolding of the pathological protein are(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by the extensive deposition of amyloid beta protein (Abeta) in the brain cortex. Abeta is produced from beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP) by beta-secretase and gamma-secretase. beta-Secretase has been identified as beta-site APP cleaving enzyme1 (BACE1). We produced rabbit polyclonal antibodies against the amino(More)
Protein misfolding is considered a key event in the pathogenesis of polyglutamine disease such as Machado-Joseph disease (MJD). Overexpression of chaperone proteins and the application of chemical chaperones are reported to suppress polyglutamine induced cytotoxicity in vitro and in vivo. The effects of compatible solutes, which are osmoprotectants in(More)
It has been assumed that statins work as a preventative drug for Alzheimer's disease (AD). Although some epidemiological observations raise doubts to the effectiveness of statins for AD, many in vitro and clinical studies insist on the effectiveness of statins decreasing amyloid-beta (Abeta) levels in medium or blood. To explore the effect of pravastatin on(More)
Coordinated development of excitatory and inhibitory synapses is crucial for normal function of neuronal circuits. Using homo- and heterochronic cultures of hippocampal neurons, we compared the formation of glutamatergic and GABAergic synapses at different stages and asked whether the age of dendrites affects their ability to accept new glutamatergic and(More)
We report the histopathological and immunohistochemical findings from the brain of an elderly patient diagnosed with Parkinson's disease (PD). Neuropathological examination revealed moderate neuronal cell loss and astrocytosis in the substantia nigra. Lewy bodies were found in many sites characteristic for PD, including the substantia nigra, locus(More)
The neurotoxicity of amyloid beta (Abeta) is widely believed to play a seminal role in neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's disease. We examined the effect of Chrysamine G (CG) on such neurotoxicity using the specific measurement of surviving neurons. CG was found to reduce the neurodegeneration induced by both the active short fragment of Abeta(25-35) and(More)