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We report a case displaying upper motor sign, parkinsonism, and behavioral abnormality, with marked degeneration of the precentral cortex, neostriatum and frontotemporal lobes, as well as ubiquitinated neuronal inclusions. The patient was a 66-year-old male at the time of death. At age 57, he noticed progressive difficulties in speaking and swallowing. At(More)
We noted a new clinical syndrome with prominent cerebellar symptoms in apartment building residents in Kamisu, Japan. The well that provided drinking water contained diphenylarsinic acid, a degradation product of diphenylcyanoarsine or diphenylchloroarsine, which were developed for use as chemical weapons, inducing severe vomiting and sneezing.(More)
The selective vulnerability of distinct neuronal structures is a major feature of Machado-Joseph disease (MJD), also known as spinocerebellar ataxia 3 (SCA3). Vestibular dysfunction is known to be a symptom of MJD, but little is known about precisely when the vestibular system becomes impaired. Using a caloric test, we evaluated vestibular function in 2 MJD(More)
Machado-Joseph disease/spinocerebellar ataxia-3 (MJD/SCA-3) is an inherited neurodegenerative disorder caused by expansion of the polyglutamine stretch in the MJD gene-encoded protein ataxin-3. The truncated form of mutated ataxin-3 causes aggregation and cell death in vitro and in vivo. Abnormal conformation and misfolding of the pathological protein are(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by the extensive deposition of amyloid beta protein (Abeta) in the brain cortex. Abeta is produced from beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP) by beta-secretase and gamma-secretase. beta-Secretase has been identified as beta-site APP cleaving enzyme1 (BACE1). We produced rabbit polyclonal antibodies against the amino(More)
Cocaine is a popular and sometimes deadly drug of abuse. Its mechanisms of action have previously not been linked with receptors localized to presynaptic sites for the major central nervous system amino acid transmitters gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and glutamate. We demonstrate that, within the dorsolateral septal nucleus of in vitro brain slices from(More)
Previous reports of membrane hyperpolarizations, associated with acute application of cocaine, have been recorded from brain slice preparations containing aminergic nuclei and have always been attributed to cocaine's ability to elevate levels of local biogenic amines followed by activation of their receptors. The majority of these studies were conducted(More)
Intracellular recordings were made from neurons in the dorsolateral septal nucleus (DLSN) of rat brain slices. Lowering the concentration of extracellular glucose resulted in a concentration-dependent membrane hyperpolarization associated with a cessation of spontaneous firing. The amplitude of the excitatory postsynaptic potential (EPSP), inhibitory(More)
It has been assumed that statins work as a preventative drug for Alzheimer's disease (AD). Although some epidemiological observations raise doubts to the effectiveness of statins for AD, many in vitro and clinical studies insist on the effectiveness of statins decreasing amyloid-beta (Abeta) levels in medium or blood. To explore the effect of pravastatin on(More)