Shin-ichi Kashiwabara

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The physiological function of mammalian sperm acrosin has long been believed to be involved in the limited proteolysis of the oocyte zona pellucida, thus enabling the sperm to penetrate this extracellular matrix and to gain access to the oocyte plasma membrane. Here we show that male mice homozygous for a targeted mutation in the mouse acrosin gene are(More)
The steady-state levels of microRNAs (miRNAs) and their activities are regulated by the post-transcriptional processes. It is known that 3' ends of several miRNAs undergo post-dicing adenylation or uridylation. We isolated the liver-specific miR-122 from human hepatocytes and mouse livers. Direct analysis by mass spectrometry revealed that one variant of(More)
Using homologous recombination, we have previously produced male mice carrying a disruptive mutation (Acr-/-) in the acrosin gene. Although Acr-/- mouse sperm lacking the acrosin protease activity still penetrated the zona pellucida and fertilized the egg, the mutant sperm exhibited a delay in penetration of the zona pellucida solely at the early stages(More)
We have identified cDNA clones encoding a testis-specific poly(A) polymerase, termed TPAP, a candidate molecule responsible for cytoplasmic polyadenylation of preexisting mRNAs in male haploid germ cells. The TPAP gene was most abundantly expressed coincident with the additional elongation of mRNA poly(A) tails in round spermatids. The amino acid sequence(More)
An acrosomal protein, sp32, was completely purified from acid extracts of ejaculated porcine sperm. Purified sp32 gave a single 32-kDa protein band on SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and was characterized as a binding protein specific for 55-, 53-, and 49-kDa forms of (pro)acrosin. This protein was not capable of binding a 43-kDa acrosin intermediate(More)
Spermatogenesis is a highly specialized process of cellular differentiation to produce spermatozoa. This differentiation process accompanies morphological changes that are controlled by a number of genes expressed in a stage-specific manner during spermatogenesis. Here we show that in mice, the absence of a testis-specific, cytoplasmic polyadenylate(More)
Fertilin, a heterodimeric protein complex composed of alpha (ADAM1) and beta (ADAM2) subunits on the sperm surface, is believed to mediate adhesion and fusion between the sperm and egg plasma membranes. Here we have shown that mutant male mice lacking ADAM1b are fertile and that the loss of ADAM1b results in no significant defect in sperm functions such as(More)
It has been reported that a significant delay in protein dispersal from the acrosomal matrix is observed in wild-type sperm by adding p-aminobenzamidine, a trypsin/acrosin inhibitor, to the incubation medium. The pattern of this delayed release was similar to that of the acrosin-deficient mutant mouse sperm (Yamagata et al., J. Biol. Chem., 273, 10470-4,(More)
The function of glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored sperm hyaluronidase PH-20 in fertilization has long been believed to enable acrosome-intact sperm to pass through the layer of cumulus cells and reach the egg zona pellucida. In this study, we have produced mice carrying a null mutation in the PH-20 gene using homologous recombination. Despite the(More)
Fertilin is reported to be a heterodimeric protein composed of A Disintegrin And Metalloprotease 1 (ADAM1, fertilin alpha) and ADAM2 (fertilin beta) located on the sperm surface. In the process of clarifying the molecular basis of mouse ADAM1, we have identified two intron-less mouse genes encoding different isoforms of ADAM1, termed ADAM1a and ADAM1b. The(More)