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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The most common strategy for treating patients with acute ischemic stroke is thrombolytic therapy, though only a few patients receive benefits because of the narrow time window. Inflammation occurring in the central nervous system (CNS) in association with ischemia is caused by immune cells including monocytes and involved in lesion(More)
In order to elucidate the differences between systemic and central nervous system (CNS) immunity that are relevant to exacerbations of multiple sclerosis (MS), paired peripheral blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples obtained from 36 non-treated patients with relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) were simultaneously examined using flow cytometry to determine(More)
To determine the immunological effects of high-dose intravenous methylprednisolone (IVMP) and elucidate immune measurements used for evaluation of its therapeutic effect, we analyzed lymphocyte subsets and humoral immune parameters in peripheral blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples, before and within 2 weeks of treatment during 19 acute exacerbations(More)
Thirty-four patients with early relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) were studied to clarify the differences in chemokine receptor usage by blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) lymphocytes relevant to the pathogenesis of MS. A total of 45 examinations (33 active and 12 inactive stages) revealed that circulating CD4+CXCR3+ T helper 1 (Th1) cells were(More)
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