Shin-ichi Akanuma

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Amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) concentration in CSF is potentially a diagnostic and therapeutic target for Alzheimer's disease (AD). The purpose of this study was to clarify the elimination mechanism of human Aβ(1-40) [hAβ (1-40)] from CSF. After intracerebroventricular (ICV) administration, [(125) I]hAβ(1-40) was eliminated from the rat CSF with a half-life of(More)
The purpose of the present study was to characterize rat organic anion transporter (Oat) 3 (Oat3, Slc22a8) in the efflux transport at the inner blood-retinal barrier (BRB). Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis showed that rat (r) Oat3 mRNA is expressed in retinal vascular endothelial cells (RVECs), but not rOat1 and rOat2 mRNA. The(More)
Prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) acts as a modulator of synaptic signaling and excitability in the brain. Because PGE(2) is barely inactivated enzymatically in adult brain, its brain level is considered to be controlled by efflux transport across the blood-brain barrier (BBB). The purpose of the present study was to clarify the efflux transport of PGE(2) at the(More)
The purpose of this study was to elucidate the mechanisms of biotin transport across the inner blood-retinal barrier (inner BRB). [(3)H]Biotin transport in the retina across the inner BRB was examined using an in vivo integration plot and retinal uptake index analyses in rats. The transport mechanism was characterized using a conditionally immortalized rat(More)
Taurine is essential for the hepatic synthesis of bile salts and, although taurine is synthesized mainly in pericentral hepatocytes, taurine and taurine-conjugated bile acids are abundant in periportal hepatocytes. One possible explanation for this discrepancy is that the active supply of taurine to hepatocytes from the blood stream is a key regulatory(More)
Nicotine is the most potent neural pharmacological alkaloid in tobacco, and the modulation of nicotine concentration in the brain is important for smoking cessation therapy. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the net flux of nicotine transport across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and the major contributor to nicotine transport in the BBB. The in(More)
Peripheral administration of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induces inflammation and increases cerebral prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) concentration. PGE2 is eliminated from brain across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) in mice, and this process is inhibited by intracerebral or intravenous pre-administration of anti-inflammatory drugs and antibiotics such as cefmetazole(More)
Organic anion transporting polypeptide (Oatp) transporters at the blood–brain barrier (BBB) and the blood-retinal barrier (BRB), which consists of retinal capillary endothelial cells and retinal pigment epithelial cells, are major determinants of the control of anionic drugs into the brain and retina. Although Oatp1a4 (Slco1a4) and Oatp1c1 (Slco1c1) are(More)
β-Lactam antibiotics have cerebral and peripheral adverse effects. Multidrug resistance-associated protein 4 (MRP4) has been reported to transport several β-lactam antibiotics, and its expression at the blood-brain barrier also serves to limit their distribution to the brain. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to clarify the structure-activity(More)
An increasing level of prostaglandin (PG) E(2) is involved in the progression of neuroinflammation induced by ischemia and bacterial infection. Although an imbalance in the rates of production and clearance of PGE(2) under these pathological conditions appears to affect the concentration of PGE(2) in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), the regulatory system(More)