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Amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) concentration in CSF is potentially a diagnostic and therapeutic target for Alzheimer's disease (AD). The purpose of this study was to clarify the elimination mechanism of human Aβ(1-40) [hAβ (1-40)] from CSF. After intracerebroventricular (ICV) administration, [(125) I]hAβ(1-40) was eliminated from the rat CSF with a half-life of(More)
Taurine is essential for the hepatic synthesis of bile salts and, although taurine is synthesized mainly in pericentral hepatocytes, taurine and taurine-conjugated bile acids are abundant in periportal hepatocytes. One possible explanation for this discrepancy is that the active supply of taurine to hepatocytes from the blood stream is a key regulatory(More)
ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) mediates apolipoprotein-dependent cholesterol release from cellular membranes. Recent studies using ABCA1 knockout mice have demonstrated that ABCA1 affects amyloid-beta peptide (A beta) levels in the brain and the production of senile plaque. Cerebral A beta(1-40) was eliminated from the brain to the circulating(More)
Although the level of prostaglandin (PG) D(2) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) affects the action of D-type prostanoid receptors that promote physiological sleep, the regulatory system of PGD(2) clearance from the CSF is not fully understood. The purpose of this study was to investigate PGD(2) elimination from the CSF via the blood-CSF barrier (BCSFB). The in(More)
The purpose of this study was to elucidate the mechanisms of biotin transport across the inner blood-retinal barrier (inner BRB). [(3)H]Biotin transport in the retina across the inner BRB was examined using an in vivo integration plot and retinal uptake index analyses in rats. The transport mechanism was characterized using a conditionally immortalized rat(More)
The purpose of the present study was to characterize rat organic anion transporter (Oat) 3 (Oat3, Slc22a8) in the efflux transport at the inner blood-retinal barrier (BRB). Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis showed that rat (r) Oat3 mRNA is expressed in retinal vascular endothelial cells (RVECs), but not rOat1 and rOat2 mRNA. The(More)
PURPOSE To determine the lipophilicity trend line from the relationship between the blood-retinal barrier (BRB) permeability and the lipophilicity of permeants and compare it with that of the blood-brain barrier (BBB). METHODS The retinal (RUI) and brain uptake index (BUI) of 26 radiolabeled compounds across the rat BRB and BBB, respectively, were(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the expression of nuclear receptor mRNA and regulation of the expression of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters by nuclear receptor agonists in rat brain capillary endothelial cells, which form the blood-brain barrier, by using rat brain capillary fraction from 8-week-old rats and a conditionally(More)
The influx transport of propranolol across the inner blood-retinal barrier (BRB) was investigated. In the in vivo analysis of carotid artery single-injection method, [(3) H]propranolol uptake by the retina was greater than that of an internal reference compound, and was reduced by several organic cations. In the in vitro uptake study, TR-iBRB2 cells, an in(More)
To clarify the transport and inhibition characteristics involved in verapamil transport across the inner blood-retinal barrier (inner BRB). The transport of [3H]verapamil across the inner BRB was investigated using retinal uptake index and integration plot analyses in rats. The detailed transport characteristics were studied using TR-iBRB2 cells, a(More)