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Our scanning tunneling microscopy and electron diffraction experiments revealed that a new two-dimensional allotrope of Bi forms on the Si(111)-7x7 surface. This pseudocubic [012]-oriented allotrope is stable up to four atomic layers at room temperature. Above this critical thickness, the entire volume of the film starts to transform into a bulk(More)
We have measured one-dimensional (1D) plasmons in an atom wire array on the Si(557)-Au surface by inelastic scattering of a highly collimated slow electron beam. The angular dependence of the excitation energy clearly indicates the strong 1D confinement and free propagation of the plasma wave along the wire. The observed plasmon dispersion is explained very(More)
Electrically conductive reinforced hydrogels offer a wide range of applications as three-dimensional scaffolds in tissue engineering. We report electrical and mechanical characterization of methacrylated gelatin (GelMA) hydrogel, containing palladium-based metallic glass nanofibers (MGNF). Also we show that the fibers are biocompatible and C2C12 myoblasts(More)
Hydrogels with tunable electrical and mechanical properties have a wide range of biological applications in tissue engineering, biosensing, and biorobotics. In this work, palladium-based metallic glass sub-micron wires (PdMGSMWs) were employed to enhance the conductivity and mechanical strength of gelatin methacryloyl (GelMA) gels. The values of electrical(More)
An atom-scale quantum wire array at the Au adsorbed Si(111) surface is studied by electron energy loss spectroscopy. Clear one-dimensional metallicity is verified by the observation of low-energy plasmonic excitation which exhibits a strong anisotropic dispersion. Our theoretical analysis using a quantum-mechanical nonlocal response theory shows that the(More)
We have studied the formation of Pd42.5Cu30Ni7.5P20 metallic glass droplets and wires in the gas atomization process. We demonstrate that the sizes of droplets and wires can be distinguished by the Ohnesorge number (Oh), which is the proportion of the spinnability to the capillary instability, and the diameter distributions follow a log-normal distribution(More)
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