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OBJECTIVES Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is highly prevalent in hospitals in many Asian countries. Recent emergence of community-associated (CA) MRSA worldwide has added another serious concern to the epidemiology of S. aureus infections. To understand the changing epidemiology of S. aureus infections in Asian countries, we performed a(More)
Appropriate antimicrobial treatment of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) should be based on the distribution of aetiological pathogens, antimicrobial resistance of major pathogens, clinical characteristics and outcomes. We performed a prospective observational study of 955 cases of adult CAP in 14 hospitals in eight Asian countries. Microbiological(More)
A total of 188 nonduplicate methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolates obtained between 2001 and 2004 in a university hospital in Daegu, Korea, were analyzed for their clonal types by molecular typing techniques, including multilocus sequence typing, spaA typing, staphylococcal chromosomal cassette mec (SCCmec) typing, and pulsed-field gel(More)
Recent changes in healthcare systems have changed the epidemiologic paradigms in many infectious fields including bloodstream infection (BSI). We compared clinical characteristics of community-acquired (CA), hospital-acquired (HA), and healthcare-associated (HCA) BSI. We performed a prospective nationwide multicenter surveillance study from 9 university(More)
This multinational study from Asia revealed that reduced susceptibility to ciprofloxacin (MIC, 0.125 to 1 microg/ml) in nontyphoid Salmonella isolates was common in Taiwan (48.1%) and Thailand (46.2%) and in S. enterica serotype Choleraesuis (68.8%) and S. Virchow (75.0%) from all countries. Reduced susceptibility to ceftriaxone (MIC, 2 to 8 microg/ml)(More)
Seventy-three liver abscess isolates of serotype K1 Klebsiella pneumoniae from a nationwide collection in Korea were genotypically characterized using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and multilocus sequence typing. We found that serotype K1 K. pneumoniae strains that caused liver abscesses in Korea were genotypically related and that most were sequence(More)
Emphysematous prostatic abscess is a very rare form of prostatitis. Emphysematous prostatic abscess due to Klebsiella pneumoniae may have a poor prognosis according to a few previous reports. We report a rare case of successfully treated emphysematous prostatic abscess with cystitis due to Klebsiella pneumoniae in a 50-yr-old man with 15-yr history of(More)
Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (previously named Xanthomonas maltophilia) is an aerobic, non-fermentive, Gram-negative bacillus that is wide spread in the environment. It was considered to be an organism with limited pathogenic potential, which was rarely capable of causing diseases in human other than those who were in debilitated or immunocompromised state.(More)
RATIONALE Sepsis is a systemic inflammatory condition resulting from bacterial infections; it has a high mortality rate and limited therapeutic options. Despite extensive research into the mechanisms driving bacterial sepsis, the target molecules controlling vascular leakage are still largely unknown. Transforming growth factor β-induced protein (TGFBIp) is(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to identify risk factors for development of severe sepsis or septic shock and to evaluate the clinical impact of severe sepsis on outcome in patients with gram-negative bacteremia (GNB). METHODS From the database of a nationwide surveillance for bacteremia, patients with GNB were analyzed. Data of patients with severe(More)