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AIMS It has been suggested that obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSA) may be a direct cause of left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction. This study was designed to examine our hypothesis that OSA inhibits the recovery of LV function in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). METHODS AND RESULTS Our 86 consecutive first-AMI patients underwent(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the assumption of similarity between pressure and diameter-change waveforms in humans. We measured carotid arterial pressure and diameter change, simultaneously, in six patients with heart disease. In all patients, the carotid arterial pressure–diameter relationship could, in practice, be regarded as being linear.
BACKGROUND The relationship between plasma levels of serum amyloid A protein (SAA) concentrations and clinical course (including mortality) was investigated in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). METHODS AND RESULTS The study enrolled 280 consecutive AMI patients who were admitted within 10 h of onset and were successfully reperfused by(More)
BACKGROUND Although cardiogenic shock (CS) is the leading cause of death for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients, reliable predictive factors in the acute stage, such as cardiovascular peptides, have not yet been identified. METHODS AND RESULTS In 42 consecutive AMI patients with CS on admission, successfully treated by primary percutaneous(More)
OBJECTIVE The object of our study was to identify the most useful predictor of patient prognosis in acute myocardial infarction (AMI), from 7 acute-phase cardiovascular peptides which take part in neurohumoral activation [brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), renin, aldosterone, adrenomedullin, epinephrine and norepinephrine].(More)
BACKGROUND The Tranilast Restenosis Following Angioplasty Trial showed that oral administration of 600 mg/day of tranilast for 3 months markedly reduced the restenosis rate after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) for de novo lesions. METHODS We conducted the second multicenter, randomized, double-blinded placebo-controlled trial. A(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between plasma concentrations of endothelin (ET)-1 and clinical outcome (including mortality) and left ventricular (LV) systolic function in acute myocardial infarction (AMI). METHODS AND RESULTS The study group comprised 110 consecutive first-AMI patients who were successfully(More)
OBJECTIVES Smokers with acute myocardial infarction have lower mortality rates than non-smokers despite increased risk for coronary artery disease. This study assessed the effects of smoking on complications and outcomes after acute myocardial infarction, and investigated the relationship between the clinical factors and the paradoxical effects of smoking(More)
BACKGROUND Vascular endothelial dysfunction has been recognized as an essential feature of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). This study was designed to examine the hypothesis that OSA may impair the coronary microcirculation in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHODS AND RESULTS The present study included 100 patients with a(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the prognostic significance of time-delay to peak creatine kinase (CK) after successful direct percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Our 240 consecutive first AMI attack subjects admitted within 5 hours from onset were successfully reperfused by direct PCI(More)