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We describe the isolation of seven different protein-tyrosine phosphatase (PTPase) cDNAs from Drosophila embryos, three of which are primarily expressed in the central nervous system (CNS). The CNS-specific PTPases include the previously sequenced DLAR, as well as two novel PTPases (denoted DPTP10D and DPTP99A), which have extracellular domains consisting(More)
Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) is a glycoprotein that stimulates proliferation and differentiation of progenitor cells of neutrophils by signaling through its receptor (G-CSFR). Although the G-CSFR belongs to the cytokine receptor superfamily, which lacks an intracellular kinase domain, G-CSF-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of cellular(More)
A nonpeptidyl small molecule SB 247464, capable of activating granulocyte-colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) signal transduction pathways, was identified in a high-throughput assay in cultured cells. Like G-CSF, SB 247464 induced tyrosine phosphorylation of multiple signaling proteins and stimulated primary murine bone marrow cells to form granulocytic(More)
Thrombopoietin (Tpo) is a glycoprotein growth factor that supports hematopoietic stem cell survival and expansion and is the principal regulator of megakaryocyte growth and differentiation. Several small, nonpeptidyl molecules have been identified as selective human Tpo receptor (hTpoR) agonists. To understand how the small molecule Tpo mimic SB394725(More)
Eltrombopag is a first-in-class, orally bioavailable, small-molecule, nonpeptide agonist of the thrombopoietin receptor (TpoR), which is being developed as a treatment for thrombocytopenia of various etiologies. In vitro studies have demonstrated that the activity of eltrombopag is dependent on expression of TpoR, which activates the signaling transducers(More)
OBJECTIVE Peptide and other small molecule agonists have been described for several cytokines and growth factors. Hydrazone compounds described here as thrombopoietin receptor agonists were identified as activating STAT proteins in a Tpo responsive cell line. METHODS STAT activation and analysis of signal transduction pathways in cell lines and normal(More)
Receptor-linked protein tyrosine phosphatases (R-PTPs) are a large and diverse group of transmembrane signaling molecules. In Drosophila, four R-PTPs are localized to central nervous system axons in the embryo and may participate in assembly of the central nervous system axon array. In this paper, we identify and characterize a transmembrane glycoprotein,(More)
High-throughput screening for the induction of a luciferase reporter gene in a thrombopoietin (TPO)-responsive cell line resulted in the identification of 4-diazo-3-hydroxy-1-naphthalenesulfonic acids as TPO mimics. Modification of the core structure and adjustment of unwanted functionality resulted in the development of(More)
BACKGROUND Prokineticin 2 (PROK2) is an inflammatory cytokine-like molecule expressed predominantly by macrophages and neutrophils infiltrating sites of tissue damage. Given the established role of prokineticin signaling on gastrointestinal function, we have explored Prok2 gene expression in inflammatory conditions of the gastrointestinal tract and assessed(More)
Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) is the major regulator of proliferation and differentiation of neutrophilic granulocyte precursor cells. G-CSF activates multiple signaling molecules, including the JAK1 and JAK2 kinases and the STAT transcription factors. To investigate G-CSF signaling events regulated by the JAK-STAT pathway, we have generated(More)