Shin-Ichiro Yoshimura

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Rab GTPases control vesicle movement and tethering membrane events in membrane trafficking. We used the 38 human Rab GTPase activating proteins (GAPs) to identify which of the 60 Rabs encoded in the human genome function at the Golgi complex. Surprisingly, this screen identified only two GAPs, RN-tre and TBC1D20, disrupting both Golgi organization and(More)
Primary cilia are sensory structures involved in morphogen signalling during development, liquid flow in the kidney, mechanosensation, sight, and smell (Badano, J.L., N. Mitsuma, P.L. Beales, and N. Katsanis. 2006. Annu. Rev. Genomics Hum. Genet. 7:125-148; Singla, V., and J.F. Reiter. 2006. Science. 313:629-633.). Mutations that affect primary cilia are(More)
A key requirement for Rab function in membrane trafficking is site-specific activation by GDP-GTP exchange factors (GEFs), but the majority of the 63 human Rabs have no known GEF. We have performed a systematic characterization of the 17 human DENN domain proteins and demonstrated that they are specific GEFs for 10 Rabs. DENND1A/1B localize to clathrin(More)
Autophagy is a bulk degradation process characterized by the formation of double membrane vesicles called autophagosomes. The exact molecular mechanism of autophagosome formation and the origin of the autophagosomal membrane remain unclear. We screened 38 human Tre-2/Bub2/Cdc16 domain-containing Rab guanosine triphosphatase-activating proteins (GAPs) and(More)
Rab family guanosine triphosphatases (GTPases) together with their regulators define specific pathways of membrane traffic within eukaryotic cells. In this study, we have investigated which Rab GTPase-activating proteins (GAPs) can interfere with the trafficking of Shiga toxin from the cell surface to the Golgi apparatus and studied transport of the(More)
Oligodendrocytes secrete vesicles into the extracellular space, where they might play a role in neuron-glia communication. These exosomes are small vesicles with a diameter of 50-100 nm that are formed within multivesicular bodies and are released after fusion with the plasma membrane. The intracellular pathways that generate exosomes are poorly defined.(More)
Warburg Micro syndrome and Martsolf syndrome are heterogenous autosomal-recessive developmental disorders characterized by brain, eye, and endocrine abnormalities. Previously, identification of mutations in RAB3GAP1 and RAB3GAP2 in both these syndromes implicated dysregulation of the RAB3 cycle (which controls calcium-mediated exocytosis of(More)
Together with other Golgi matrix components, GRASP65 contributes to the stacking of Golgi cisternae in interphase cells. During mitosis, GRASP65 is heavily phosphorylated, and in turn, cisternal stacking is inhibited leading to the breakdown of the Golgi apparatus. Here we show that GRASP65 is phosphorylated on serine 277 in interphase cells, and this is(More)
The vesicle-tethering protein p115 functions in endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi trafficking. We explored the function of homologous region 2 (HR2) of the p115 head domain that is highly homologous with the yeast counterpart, Uso1p. By expression of p115 mutants in p115 knockdown (KD) cells, we found that deletion of HR2 caused an irregular assembly of the(More)
Depletion of p115 with small interfering RNA caused fragmentation of the Golgi apparatus, resulting in dispersed distribution of stacked short cisternae and a vesicular structure (mini-stacked Golgi). The mini-stacked Golgi with cis- and trans-organization is functional in protein transport and glycosylation, although secretion is considerably retarded in(More)