Shin I. Nishimura

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Two H9N2 viruses were isolated, for the first time, from humans in Hong Kong in 1999. Isolation of influenza viruses with a novel subtype of the hemagglutinin (HA) drew attention of health care authorities worldwide from the view of pandemic preparedness. Sequence analysis of the HA genes reveals that HA of A/Hong Kong/1073/99 (H9N2) is most closely related(More)
The sialyl-Tn (sTn) antigen is a well known cancer-associated antigen, the expression of which is related to the prognosis of cancer patients. We aimed to isolate a human gene encoding an N -acetylgalactosamine alpha2,6-sialyltransferase which synthesizes sTn antigen, and to characterize the enzyme. Degenerate primers encoding sialyl motifs were used for(More)
Amoebic cells are ubiquitous in many species and have been used as model systems to study the eukaryotic cellular locomotion. We construct a model of amoebic cells on two-dimensional grids, which describes sensing, cell status, and locomotion in a unified way. We show that the averaged position of simulated cells is described by a second-order differential(More)
Eukaryotic cells can move spontaneously without being guided by external cues. For such spontaneous movements, a variety of different modes have been observed, including the amoeboid-like locomotion with protrusion of multiple pseudopods, the keratocyte-like locomotion with a widely spread lamellipodium, cell division with two daughter cells crawling in(More)
A retrospective survey was performed between 1983 and 1995 to determine the frequency of steroid sulfatase (STS) deficiency in Hiroshima. Males with ichthyosis were diagnosed enzymatically. During 1979-95 in Hiroshima Prefecture, 275,943 males were born and 28 had STS deficiency. The observed frequency of STS deficiency was 1 per 9855 males. Therefore, STS(More)
We determined the ratio of N-glycolylneuraminic acid (Neu5Gc) to N-acetylneuraminic acid (Neu5Ac) in swine respiratory epithelia by fluorometric high-performance liquid chromatography, and examined the binding specificity of swine influenza virus strains for gangliosides containing different molecular species of sialic acid (Neu5Ac and Neu5Gc), and for(More)
The production of eotaxin, which is a critical mediator for airway inflammation, is inhibited by IFN-gamma. Here, we investigated the precise mechanisms underlying IFN-gamma-dependent inhibition of eotaxin production using mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEF). MEF produced high levels of eotaxin in STAT6-dependent manner when they were cultured with both IL-4(More)
The emergence of collective strategies in a prey-predator system is studied. We use the term "collective" in the sense of the collective motion of defense or attack often found in behaviors of animal groups. In our prey-predator system, both prey and predators move around on a two-dimensional plane, interacting by playing a game; predators can score by(More)
A novel selection method for the acquisition of DNA aptamers that selectively recognize resorufin using on-chip selection in combination with method for point mutations has been developed. This method proved efficient for selection for DNA aptamers of single-stranded oligo-DNAs. A genetic algorithm was applied to produce oligonucleotides for the(More)
Morphologies of moving amoebae are categorized into two types. One is the "neutrophil" type in which the long axis of cell roughly coincides with its moving direction. This type of cell extends a leading edge at the front and retracts a narrow tail at the rear, whose shape has been often drawn as a typical amoeba in textbooks. The other one is the(More)