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 Cytokine-mediated cell death in tumor cells can be achieved through endogenous nitric oxide (NO) from within tumor cells or exogenous NO from either activated macrophages or endothelial cells. The purpose of this study was to determine the role of Bcl-2 in NO-mediated apoptosis. The incubation of murine L929 and NIH3T3 cells with interleukin-1α (IL-1α) and(More)
N-Substituted isatin derivatives were prepared from the reaction of isatin and various bromides via two steps. Bioactivity assay results (in vitro tests) demonstrated that some of these compounds are potent and selective inhibitors against SARS coronavirus 3CL protease with IC50 values ranging from 0.95 to 17.50 microM. Additionally, isatin 4o exhibited(More)
Eight new carbazole alkaloids, claulamines C (1), D (2), and E (5) and clausenalines B-F (3, 4, 6-8), four new coumarins, clausemarins A-D (9-12), and 43 known compounds were isolated from the roots of Clausena lansium. The structures of the new compounds were established on the basis of 2D-NMR spectroscopic analysis, and their absolute configurations were(More)
PURPOSE Recent evidence indicates that small noncoding RNA molecules, known as microRNAs (miRNAs), are involved in cancer initiation and progression. We hypothesized that genetic variations in miRNAs and miRNA target sites could be associated with the efficacy of androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) in men with prostate cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We(More)
D-501036 [2,5-bis(5-hydroxymethyl-2-selenienyl)-3-hydroxymethyl-N-methylpyrrol], a novel selenophene derivative, is a highly potent cytotoxic agent with broad spectrum antitumor activity. The present study was undertaken to explore the mechanism(s) through which D-501036 exerts its action mode on the cancer cell death. D-501036 was found to suppress the(More)
Expression of ErbB2 protein is inversely correlated with the prognosis in cancer patients. Consequently, strategies targeting ErbB2 remain an attractive option in treating several types of malignancies, including oral cancer. In addition, many studies have shown that emodin and emodin derivatives are able to inhibit growth of ErbB2-overexpressing tumor(More)
St. John's wort (SJW, Hypericum perforatum) is one of the popular nutraceuticals for treating depression. Methotrexate (MTX) is an immunosuppressant with narrow therapeutic window. This study investigated the effect of SJW on MTX pharmacokinetics in rats. Rats were orally given MTX alone and coadministered with 300 and 150 mg/kg of SJW, and 25mg/kg of(More)
Molecular epidemiology studies have shown that vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene polymorphisms are associated with prostate cancer risk. However, the prognostic value of these polymorphisms on clinical outcomes in prostate cancer patients receiving androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) has not been determined. We evaluated the association of five common VDR(More)
PURPOSE We intranodally immunized metastatic colorectal carcinoma patients, who had failed standard chemotherapy, with dendritic cells (DCs) pulsed with HLA-A*0201- or HLA-A*2402-restricted carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) peptides to evaluate the safety of this treatment and the immune response against CEA peptides before and after the treatment. (More)
D-501036 [2,5-bis(5-hydroxymethyl-2-selenienyl)-3-hydroxymethyl-N-methylpyrrole] is herein identified as a novel antineoplastic agent with a broad spectrum of antitumoral activity against several human cancer cells and an IC(50) value in the nanomolar range. The IC(50) values for D-501036 in the renal proximal tubule, normal bronchial epithelial, and(More)