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Loofa sponge was investigated as a three-dimensional scaffold for stationary and perfusion culture of human hepatoblastoma cell line C3A/HepG2. In stationary culture, C3A/HepG2 cells in loofa cubes showed higher alpha-fetoprotein and albumin secretion rates than those in polyurethane foam (PU). To use loofa cylinders in a packed-bed reactor, immobilization(More)
OBJECTIVE The soluble preligand assembly domain (PLAD) of tumour necrosis factor receptor 1 (TNFR1) interferes with receptor trimerisation to block downstream signalling, and mediates Th17 suppression. We explored the therapeutic potential of recombinant PLAD.Fc protein on a spontaneous experimental colitis. DESIGN A T-cell-specific BLIMP-1 knockout mouse(More)
The complementary role of hyperglycemia and p27(kip1) suppression on islet beta cell regeneration was investigated in a syngeneic mouse model. p27(kip1) gene silencing was performed by infecting islets of C57BL/6 with shRNA lentiviral particles. At 54 hours after viral infection, p27(kip1) protein content in cultured targeting islets was 22% of that in(More)
Glucosamine has immunomodulatory effects on autoimmune diseases. However, the mechanism(s) through which glucosamine modulates different T cell subsets and diseases remain unclear. We demonstrate that glucosamine impedes Th1, Th2, and iTreg but promotes Th17 differentiation through down-regulating N-linked glycosylation of CD25 and subsequently inhibiting(More)
Primary nonfunction (PNF) adversely impacts islet transplantation. In addition to determining whether sodium 4-phenylbutyrate (4-SPB), an anti-inflammatory agent, reduces PNF, this study investigates how 4-SPB affects PNF. Streptozotocin-induced diabetic C57BL/6 mice, that received 75 syngeneic islets underneath left subrenal space, were fed twice daily of(More)
The diameter and sphericity of alginate-poly-L-lysine-alginate microcapsules, determined by the size and the shape of calcium alginate microspheres, affect their in vivo durability and biocompatibility and the results of transplantation. The commonly used air-jet spray method generates microspheres with a wider variation in diameter, larger sphere(More)
BACKGROUND Successful human islet transplantation has led to insulin independence in type 1 diabetes. Dogs constitute an animal model for preclinical studies. We present our recent experience in canine islet isolation, cryopreservation and transplantation. METHODS Twenty-seven pancreases from mongrel dogs, weighing 9-31 kg, were removed. Each pancreas was(More)
BACKGROUND Clozapine, an atypical antipsychotic drug, induces derangements in glucose homeostasis in certain patients. This study investigated the mechanisms of clozapine-induced beta-cell toxicity. METHODS Fifty-two healthy C57BL/6 male mice were randomized into 4 groups to study the effects of clozapine (group C, D) and a high-fat diet (group B, D).(More)
B lymphocyte-induced maturation protein-1 (Blimp-1) serves as a master regulator of the development and function of antibody-producing B cells. Given that its function in T lymphocytes has been identified within the past decade, we review recent findings with emphasis on its role in coordinated control of gene expression during the development,(More)
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