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  • Shin Hasegawa, S. Sato, S. Saito, Y. Suzuki, Dr. D. M. Brunette
  • 1985
A simple method was devised for applying mechanical stretching to bone cell cultures. Bone cells cultured on the flexible plastic membrane of a Petriperm dish are placed over a template with a convex surface. A lead weight is then placed on top of the dish which causes the membrane and the tightly attached cells to be stretched. Mechanical stretching,(More)
We investigated the effect of central and peripheral glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) on crop emptying in growing chicks. Intracerebroventricular injection of two concentrations of GLP-1 (15 and 60 pmol) similarly suppressed crop emptying, compared with control chicks. The delay in crop emptying induced by GLP-1 (15 pmol) was partly attenuated by(More)
Although the orexigenic action of peptide hormones such as ghrelin and growth hormone releasing peptide is different between chickens and mammals, the anorexigenic action of peptide hormones is similar in both species. For example, central administration of peptide hormones such as leptin, cholecystokinin or glucagon has been shown to suppress food intake(More)
The transcription factor Nrf2 regulates the expression of detoxifying and antioxidant genes. Three polymorphisms of the Nrf2 gene have been reported. We attempted to clarify the relationship between Nrf2 gene polymorphism and chronic gastritis in a Japanese population. The study was performed in 159 patients with no evidence of gastric malignancy on upper(More)
BACKGROUND Aberrant DNA methylation is one of the major events in carcinogenesis. Promoter DNA methylation is also present in various non-neoplastic tissues including gastric epithelium as age-related phenomenon, suggesting that it occurs early in the process of tumorigenesis. AIM We aimed to clarify the relationship of aberrant DNA methylation in(More)
Broiler chicks eat more food than layer chicks. In this study, we examined the involvement of orexigenic peptide neuropeptide Y (NPY) in the difference in food intake between broiler and layer chicks (Gallus gallus). First, we compared the hypothalamic mRNA levels of NPY and its receptors (Y1 and Y5 receptors) between these strains at 1, 2, 4, and 8 days of(More)
To examine the neural mechanism by which hypothalamic neuropeptide Y (NPY) regulates energy homeostasis and feeding behavior in commercial broilers, we measured NPY content in several hypothalamic regions of birds that were fasted and then refed. After fasting for 48 and 72 h, body weight significantly decreased, and food intake significantly increased(More)
Research in this laboratory has shown that some citrus limonoids can inhibit the development of 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene-induced oral tumors. The data from these studies have suggested that certain rings in the limonoid nucleus may be critical to antineoplastic activity. Using the hamster cheek pouch model, three new limonoids (ichangensin,(More)
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), structurally similar to glucagon, synthesized from the precursor proglucagon, is a well known anorexigenic peptide in the brain of several animal species. However, there are no previous reports concerning GLP-1-containing neurons in the chick brain. The aim of the present study was to investigate the distribution of(More)
This study was conducted to investigate effects of glucagon intracerebroventricularly administered on feed intake and endocrine changes in sheep. Four male sheep (48-55 kg BW) were used. The animals were acclimatized to be fed alfalfa hay cubes at 12.00 hour. Human glucagon (40 and 80 microg/0.5 mL) was injected into the lateral ventricle at 12.00 hour.(More)