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We investigated the effect of central and peripheral glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) on crop emptying in growing chicks. Intracerebroventricular injection of two concentrations of GLP-1 (15 and 60 pmol) similarly suppressed crop emptying, compared with control chicks. The delay in crop emptying induced by GLP-1 (15 pmol) was partly attenuated by(More)
Broiler chicks eat more food than layer chicks. In this study, we examined the involvement of orexigenic peptide neuropeptide Y (NPY) in the difference in food intake between broiler and layer chicks (Gallus gallus). First, we compared the hypothalamic mRNA levels of NPY and its receptors (Y1 and Y5 receptors) between these strains at 1, 2, 4, and 8 days of(More)
To examine the neural mechanism by which hypothalamic neuropeptide Y (NPY) regulates energy homeostasis and feeding behavior in commercial broilers, we measured NPY content in several hypothalamic regions of birds that were fasted and then refed. After fasting for 48 and 72 h, body weight significantly decreased, and food intake significantly increased(More)
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), structurally similar to glucagon, synthesized from the precursor proglucagon, is a well known anorexigenic peptide in the brain of several animal species. However, there are no previous reports concerning GLP-1-containing neurons in the chick brain. The aim of the present study was to investigate the distribution of(More)
Although the orexigenic action of peptide hormones such as ghrelin and growth hormone releasing peptide is different between chickens and mammals, the anorexigenic action of peptide hormones is similar in both species. For example, central administration of peptide hormones such as leptin, cholecystokinin or glucagon has been shown to suppress food intake(More)
Research in this laboratory has shown that some citrus limonoids can inhibit the development of 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene-induced oral tumors. The data from these studies have suggested that certain rings in the limonoid nucleus may be critical to antineoplastic activity. Using the hamster cheek pouch model, three new limonoids (ichangensin,(More)
This study was conducted to investigate effects of glucagon intracerebroventricularly administered on feed intake and endocrine changes in sheep. Four male sheep (48-55 kg BW) were used. The animals were acclimatized to be fed alfalfa hay cubes at 12.00 hour. Human glucagon (40 and 80 microg/0.5 mL) was injected into the lateral ventricle at 12.00 hour.(More)
Food intake in chickens is regulated in a manner similar to that in mammals. Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF), which increases the plasma corticosterone concentration, plays an important role as a mediator of many appetite-suppressive peptides in the central nervous system in both species. Central administration of glucagon suppresses food intake in(More)
We investigated the mechanism underlying central glucagon-induced hyperglycemia and anorexia in chicks. Male 8-day-old chicks (Gallus gallus) were used in all experiments. Intracerebroventricular administration of glucagon in chicks induced hyperglycemia and anorexia from 30 min after administration. However, the plasma insulin level did not increase until(More)
The biocompatibility and biodegradation of hydroxyapatite (HA)/poly(L-lactide) (PLLA) composite bone implant rods were studied using two types of HA particles as reinforcing fillers, uncalcined-HA (u-HA) or calcined-HA (c-HA). Composite rods of u-HA/PLLA and c-HA/PLLA were implanted into the distal femurs of 25 rabbits. Four of these rabbits lived for more(More)