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Understanding normal and cancer stem cells may provide insight into the origin of and new therapeutics for prostate cancer. Normal and cancer stem cells in prostate have recently been identified with a CD44(+)/alpha(2)beta(1)(high)/CD133(+) phenotype. Stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) and its receptor, CXCR4, have multiple essential functions, including(More)
Background:This multicentre randomised phase III trial was designed to determine whether adjuvant chemotherapy with gemcitabine improves the outcomes of patients with resected pancreatic cancer.Methods:Eligibility criteria included macroscopically curative resection of invasive ductal carcinoma of the pancreas and no earlier radiation or chemotherapy.(More)
HYPOTHESIS Intraductal papillary mucinous tumors (IPMTs) of the pancreas may be meaningfully construed as representing 2 clinically distinct subtypes: main duct tumors (MDT) and branch duct tumors (BDT). DESIGN Retrospective study. SETTING University hospital from January 1988 through December 1994. PATIENTS AND INTERVENTION We reviewed diagnostic(More)
Experimental evidence has directly implicated matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in the remodeling of the stromal tissue surrounding tumors. Thus, MMP inhibitors could limit the expansion of both neoplastic cell compartment and endothelial cell compartment of a tumor. Much of the work on the role of MMP inhibitors has concentrated on their inhibitory effects(More)
OBJECTIVES To perform systemic 22-core transperineal ultrasound-guided template prostate biopsies in patients with previous negative transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy findings and evaluate the cancer core distribution. METHODS Between April 2001 and December 2003, 128 men underwent systemic ultrasound-guided biopsy using the transperineal(More)
We have previously reported multiple loci associated with prostate cancer susceptibility in a Japanese population using a genome-wide association study (GWAS). To identify additional prostate cancer susceptibility loci, we genotyped nine SNPs that were nominally associated with prostate cancer (P < 1 × 10−4) in our previous GWAS in three independent studies(More)
4007 Background: S-1, an oral fluoropyrimidine, is one of the key drugs for PC in Japan. Phase II studies of S-1 alone as well as those of GS have shown high efficacy against the tumor as the first-line treatment of metastatic PC. METHODS The GEST study was a randomized, prospective, open-label, 3-arm, phase III study. Chemotherapy-naive patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) remains one of the most common causes of morbidity following pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). This randomized trial examined whether external stent drainage of the pancreatic duct decreases the rate of POPF after PD and subsequent pancreaticojejunostomy (PJ). METHODS Consecutive patients who underwent PD(More)
OBJECTIVE Selection criteria for active surveillance (AS) program of localized prostate cancer remain to be standardized. The purpose was to evaluate the validity of selection criteria and investigate the feasibility of this AS program. METHODS Patients meeting the criteria (i) stage T1cN0M0, (ii) age 50-80, (iii) serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA)(More)
A study was made of the incidence of p53 mutations in Japanese males with prostate cancer or benign prostatic hyperplasia. Polymerase chain reaction single-strand conformation polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) was used as a primary screening technique with gene sequencing being carried out in positive cases. Two out of 21 prostate cancers (9.5%) were found to have(More)